IMPLEMENTATION LEVEL

National

AFFECTED FLOW

Inflow

ANNOUNCED AS TEMPORARY

No

NON-TRADE-RELATED RATIONALE

No

ELIGIBLE FIRMS

all

JUMBO

No

TARIFF PEAK

No
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Inception date: No inception date

Production subsidy

On 12 July 2009, the Unemployment Compensation Extension Act was introduced to the U.S. House of Representatives, which attempted to include in the wide-ranging tax bill a measure that would tax imported clothing in order to fund benefits that are granted to U.S. apparel manufacturers. The provision was removed from the bill before it was enacted into law.
The measure under consideration was part of the 'American Jobs and Closing Tax Loopholes Act' (H.R.4213 as amended). The package of tax credits, revenue offsets, and the like included a provision (section 617) that read in relevant part as follows:
 
'T'he Secretary of the Treasury shall transfer to the Wool Apparel Manufacturers Trust Fund, out of the general fund of the Treasury of the United States, amounts determined by the Secretary of the Treasury to be equivalent to amounts received in the general fund that are attributable to the duty received on articles classified under chapter 62 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States...

Chapter 62 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule includes wool suits as well as numerous other articles of clothing, including ski jackets, cotton blouses and shirts, and other non-wool apparel. The tariffs imposed on these goods are among the highest in the U.S. schedule, typically in the range of 15-17%. The bill now under consideration would not raise those tariffs, but would earmark the revenues that they raise for the benefit of the U.S. industry.
The provision was sponsored by Representative Louise Slaughter (Democrat of New York), whose district is home to Hickey Freeman (a men's suit manufacturer). Representative Kevin Brady (Republican of Texas), who is the most senior Republican on the Trade Subcommittee of the House Ways and Means Committee (the committee of jurisdiction for this bill), objected strenuously to the provision. He characterized it as a 'revenue grab' and stated that
 
By turning our tariff program effectively into a welfare program, you've opened the door to all sorts of problems in the future. To simply try to sweep in more duties, unrelated duties, to cover a shortfall for that ... opens up the whole tariff schedule for being raided for whatever slush fund thinks they need more money. I think it's an awful precedent.

The final bill was drafted by the Democratic chairs of the House Ways and Means Committee and its Senate counterpart, the Finance Committee.

AFFECTED COUNTRIES

MAP
TABLE
EXPORT

AFFECTED SECTORS AND PRODUCTS

282 Wearing apparel, except fur apparel
6201 Men's or boys' overcoats, carcoats, capes, cloaks, anoraks (including skijackets), windcheaters, windjackets and similar articles, other than those of heading 62.03.
620111 Of wool or fine animal hair
620112 Of cotton
620113 Of manmade fibres
620191 Of wool or fine animal hair
620192 Of cotton
620193 Of manmade fibres
620199 Of other textile materials
6202 Women's or girls' overcoats, carcoats, capes, cloaks, anoraks (including skijackets), windcheaters, windjackets and similar articles, other than those of heading 62.04.
620211 Of wool or fine animal hair
620212 Of cotton
620213 Of manmade fibres
620219 Of other textile materials
620291 Of wool or fine animal hair
620292 Of cotton
620293 Of manmade fibres
620299 Of other textile materials
6203 Men's or boys' suits, ensembles, jackets, blazers, trousers, bib and brace overalls, breeches and shorts (other than swimwear).
620311 Of wool or fine animal hair
620312 Of synthetic fibres
620319 Of other textile materials
620322 Of cotton
620331 Of wool or fine animal hair
620332 Of cotton
620333 Of synthetic fibres
620339 Of other textile materials
620341 Of wool or fine animal hair
620342 Of cotton
620343 Of synthetic fibres
620349 Of other textile materials
6204 Women's or girls' suits, ensembles, jackets, blazers, dresses, skirts, divided skirts, trousers, bib and brace overalls, breeches and shorts (other than swimwear).
620411 Of wool or fine animal hair
620412 Of cotton
620413 Of synthetic fibres
620419 Of other textile materials
620422 Of cotton
620423 Of synthetic fibres
620431 Of wool or fine animal hair
620432 Of cotton
620433 Of synthetic fibres
620439 Of other textile materials
620441 Of wool or fine animal hair
620442 Of cotton
620443 Of synthetic fibres
620444 Of artificial fibres
620449 Of other textile materials
620451 Of wool or fine animal hair
620452 Of cotton
620453 Of synthetic fibres
620459 Of other textile materials
620461 Of wool or fine animal hair
620462 Of cotton
620463 Of synthetic fibres
620469 Of other textile materials
6205 Men's or boys' shirts.
620520 Of cotton
620530 Of manmade fibres
620590 Of other textile materials
6206 Women's or girls' blouses, shirts and shirtblouses.
620610 Of silk or silk waste
620620 Of wool or fine animal hair
620630 Of cotton
620640 Of manmade fibres
620690 Of other textile materials
6207 Men's or boys' singlets and other vests, underpants, briefs, nightshirts, pyjamas, bathrobes, dressing gowns and similar articles.
620711 Of cotton
620719 Of other textile materials
620721 Of cotton
620722 Of manmade fibres
620791 Of cotton
620799 Of other textile materials
6208 Women's or girls' singlets and other vests, slips, petticoats, briefs, panties, nightdresses, pyjamas, negligees, bathrobes, dressing gowns and similar articles.
620811 Of manmade fibres
620821 Of cotton
620822 Of manmade fibres
620829 Of other textile materials
620891 Of cotton
620892 Of manmade fibres
620899 Of other textile materials
6209 Babies' garments and clothing accessories.
620920 Of cotton
620930 Of synthetic fibres
620990 Of other textile materials
6210 Garments, made up of fabrics of heading 56.02, 56.03, 59.03, 59.06 or 59.07.
621010 Of fabrics of heading 56.02 or 56.03
621020 Other garments, of the type described in subheadings 6201.11 to 6201.19
621030 Other garments, of the type described in subheadings 6202.11 to 6202.19
621040 Other men's or boys' garments
621050 Other women's or girls' garments
6211 Track suits, ski suits and swimwear; other garments.
621111 Men's or boys'
621112 Women's or girls'
621120 Ski suits
621132 Of cotton
621133 Of manmade fibres
621139 Of other textile materials
621142 Of cotton
621143 Of manmade fibres
621149 Of other textile materials
6212 Brassieres, girdles, corsets, braces, suspenders, garters and similar articles and parts thereof, whether or not knitted or crocheted.
621210 Brassieres
621220 Girdles and pantygirdles
621230 Corselettes
621290 Other
6213 Handkerchiefs.
621320 Of cotton
621390 Of other textile materials
6214 Shawls, scarves, mufflers, mantillas, veils and the like.
621410 Of silk or silk waste
621420 Of wool or fine animal hair
621430 Of synthetic fibres
621440 Of artificial fibres
621490 Of other textile materials
6215 Ties, bow ties and cravats.
621510 Of silk or silk waste
621520 Of manmade fibres
621590 Of other textile materials
6216 Gloves, mittens and mitts.
621600 Gloves, mittens and mitts.
6217 Other made up clothing accessories; parts of garments or of clothing accessories, other than those of heading 62.12.
621710 Accessories
621790 Parts

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