IMPLEMENTATION LEVEL

National

AFFECTED FLOW

Inflow

ANNOUNCED AS TEMPORARY

No

NON-TRADE-RELATED RATIONALE

No

ELIGIBLE FIRMS

all

JUMBO

No

TARIFF PEAK

No
← back to the state act
Inception date: 20 Apr 2010 | Removal date: 19 Oct 2010
Still in force

Import-related non-tariff measure, nes

On April 20, 2010, the ban adopted by the United States against imports of Mexican wild-harvested shrimp entered into force.
 
United States Public Law (P.L.) 101-162, Section 609, prohibits the importation of shrimp harvested with commercial fishing technology that may adversely affect sea turtles.
The import ban does not apply to nations that have adopted sea turtle protection programs comparable to that of the U.S. -i.e. require and enforce the use of turtle excluder devices (TEDs), or to fishing nations where incidental capture of sea turtles do not occur -. The U.S. Department of State (DOS) is the implementing agency of this law.
 
Thus, nations that seek to import shrimp into the U.S. must be certified to meet the requirements of P.L. 101-162 on an annual basis.
 
The DOS withdraw Mexico's certification last March, after the U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service determined that Mexican turtle excluder devices no longer meet U.S. standards.
 
The U.S. ban will only apply to shrimp wild-harvested in open oceans, which account for only about 20% of Mexico's annual shrimp production and will remain in force until U.S. authorities have determined the situation has been addressed.
 
Mexican farmed shrimp and the one caught in shallow coastal waters may continue to be exported to the U.S.
 
In accordance with officials of Mexico's National Fisheries Council, authorities of both countries are working to remedy the situation as soon as possible, so that shrimp fleets could be recertified following new inspections in August and September of this year.
 
On 15 Octber 2010, the U.S. Department of State lifted the ban.

AFFECTED COUNTRIES

MAP
TABLE
EXPORT

AFFECTED SECTORS AND PRODUCTS

043 Crustaceans, live, fresh or chilled
0306 Crustaceans, whether in shell or not, live, fresh, chilled, frozen, dried, salted or in brine; smoked crustaceans, whether in shell or not, whether or not cooked before or during the smoking process; crustaceans, in shell, cooked by steaming or by boiling
030622 Lobsters (Homarus spp.)
030624 Crabs
030626 Coldwater shrimps and prawns (Pandalus spp., Crangon crangon)
030627 Other shrimps and prawns
212 Prepared & preserved fish, crustaceans, molluscs
0306 Crustaceans, whether in shell or not, live, fresh, chilled, frozen, dried, salted or in brine; smoked crustaceans, whether in shell or not, whether or not cooked before or during the smoking process; crustaceans, in shell, cooked by steaming or by boiling
030611 Rock lobster and other sea crawfish (Palinurus spp., Panulirus spp., Jasus spp.)
030612 Lobsters (Homarus spp.)
030614 Crabs
030616 Coldwater shrimps and prawns (Pandalus spp., Crangon crangon)
030617 Other shrimps and prawns
030619 Other, including flours, meals and pellets of crustaceans, fit for human consumption

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