ANNOUNCED AS TEMPORARYNo
On October 21, 2011, the Ministry of Economy of Mexico suspended the application of the trade retaliation measures that Mexico adopted on March 2009 under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) against the importation of several U.S. goods.
Later that same date, authorities from Mexico and the United States announced the first crossing of a Mexican truck carrier into the U.S. territory under the new program signed by officials of both countries.
Under the NAFTA, the United States should have granted Mexican motor carriers' access to its border states by December 18, 1995 and full access to its territory by 2000. On November 22, 1998, Mexico initiated dispute settlement proceedings under Chapter XX of NAFTA to challenge the United States failure to abide by these commitments. In 2001, the panel found the United States had not complied with its NAFTA obligations. The panel authorized Mexico to retaliate against the United States.
On February 23, 2007, Mexico and the U.S. launched the first Cross Border Motor Carrier Demonstration Program (Demonstration Program), which entered into force on September 2007. The Demonstration Program allowed up to 100 motor carriers from each country to operate in the territory of the other country beyond the commercial zones on the US-Mexico border. This program was canceled on 2009, after the U.S. Congress enacted legislation that prohibited the Obama administration to use federal resources in the implementation of the program.
In response to the cancellation of the program, on March 18, 2009, the Mexican Ministry of Economy announced retaliatory import tariffs on 89 US agricultural and industrial products.
On March 3, 2011, the President of Mexico, Felipe Calderón and his U.S. counterpart, Barack Obama, announced that the authorities of both countries had reached a new agreement to resolve the dispute. Subsequently, on April 8 the U.S. authorities disclosed the terms of the new pilot program.
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