ANNOUNCEMENT 01 Sep 2015In September 2015, the government of Brazil announced a change in import duties.
NUMBER OF INTERVENTIONS
Camex Resolution no. 85 of 1 September 2015, published in the Official Gazette of 2 September 2015, p. 6: http://pesquisa.in.gov.br/imprensa/jsp/visualiza/index.jsp?jornal=1&pagina=6&data=02/09/2015
Ministry of Development, Industry and Trade (MDIC), press release of 2 September 2015 on Camex Resolutions no. 85 and no. 86: http://www.mdic.gov.br/sitio/interna/noticia.php?area=1¬icia=14024
WTO. (26 July 2013). Trade Policy Review, Report by the Secretariat, Brazil. Report prepared for the sixth Trade Policy Review of Brazil. Document WT/TPR/S/283/Rev., p. 53, para. 3.38: https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s283_e.pdf
On 1 September 2015, the Brazilian Foreign Trade Council (Camex) issued Resolution no. 85 decreasing the import tariff on 9 tariff codes related to information technology goods to 2%. Out of the 9 items, 8 are new while the remaining 1 has been renewed. The measure took effect on 2 September 2015 and lasts until 31 December 2017.
The tariffs were reduced under Brazil's ex-tarifário regime which allows for a temporary customs duty exception to the Mercosur Common External Tariff on capital and IT goods. Such an exception can be invoked in case the good in question has no domestically produced equivalent. The goal of this is to restructure Brazil's industrial park and infrastructure services (see WTO Trade Policy Review).
The measure was introduced simultaneously with Camex Resolution no. 86 which reduces the tariff on capital goods (see measure no. 9787 under Related Measures). According to Camex, the imported IT and capital goods are worth USD 635 million and related to projects worth USD 2.9billion.
The main sectors affected by the imports are railway (50.16); energy (21.92); services (12.75); petrochemical (2.69); naval/nautical (2.69); logistics (2.16), and Capital Goods (1.03). The goods will be imported from the USA (35.95), China (25,666%), UK (12.29), France (6.28), and Germany (5.82). The beneficiaries are the federal states of Săo Paulo, Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeira, Minas Gerais, and Ceará.