ANNOUNCEMENT 29 Aug 2014In August 2014, the government of Mexico announced a change in import formalities.
NUMBER OF INTERVENTIONS
International Trade Compliance Update, edited by Baker & McKenzie Partner Stuart P. Seidel, news item of 25 February 2015, 'Mexico - Measures imposed with respect to the importation of goods of the footwear and textile and apparel industries': http://www.internationaltradecomplianceupdate.com/blog.aspx?topic=153
Aristegui Noticias, 28 August 2014, 'Endurecen medidas para importar calzado terminado a M?xico': http://aristeguinoticias.com/2808/mexico/endurecen-medidas-para-importar-calzado-terminado-a-mexico/
Mexican Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit (SHCP), press release of 27 August 2014 , 'La secretar?a de hacienda apoya a la industria del calzado combatiendo pr?cticas desleales de importaciones con precios subvaluados' 'communicado de prensa, 066/2014': http://www.shcp.gob.mx/SALAPRENSA/doc_comunicados_prensa/2014/agosto/comunicado_066_2014.pdf
DECRETO por el que se establecen medidas para la productividad, competitividad y combate de pr?cticas de subvaluaci?n del sector calzado, published in the Official Gazette of 29 August 2014: http://www.dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5358209&fecha=29/08/2014
ACUERDO que modifica al diverso por el que la Secretar?a de Econom?a emite reglas y criterios de car?cter general en materia de Comercio Exterior, published in the Official Gazette of 8 January 2015: http://dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5378190&fecha=08/01/2015
ACUERDO que modifica al diverso por el que la Secretar?a de Econom?a emite reglas y criterios de car?cter general en materia de Comercio Exterior, published in the Official Gazette of 5 February 2015: http://dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5380965&fecha=05/02/2015
RESOLUCI?N que modifica a la diversa que establece el mecanismo para garantizar el pago de contribuciones en mercanc?as sujetas a precios estimados por la Secretar?a de Hacienda y Cr?dito P?blico, published in the Official Gazette of 5 September 2014: http://dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5359086&fecha=05/09/2014
PRIMERA Resoluci?n de Modificaciones a las Reglas de Car?cter General en Materia de Comercio Exterior para 2014 y sus anexos 10 y 21, published in the Official Gazette of 1 September 2014: http://dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5358365&fecha=01/09/2014
S?ptima Resoluci?n de Modificaciones a las Reglas de Car?cter General en Materia de Comercio Exterior para 2014, published in the Official Gazette of 30 September 2015: http://dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5380021&fecha=30/01/2015
On 29 August 2014, the Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit (SHCP) introduced a decree including 8 policies restricting the importation of footwear, effective as of 30 August 2014.
According to the Mexican government, the policies are supposed to combat the unfair competition in the said sector. The aforementioned decree set the foundation for those policies and has been continuously complemented with regulations detailing the tariff lines and requirements.
1. Duty reduction suspended
A previous decree reducing the import duty on footware has been nullified. The reduced import tariffs were suspended on 30 August 2014 until 31 January 2019. The new tariffs lie between 25% and 30% of the customs value instead of 20%. See also measures #774 and #3961 under Related Measures for previous decrees reducing the duties.
2. Reference prices
Estimated prices, i.e., references prices, have been reestablished. Importers are obliged to pay the difference in case the price of the imported good is below the reference price set by the government. The prices are listed in a resolution by the SHCP published on 5 September 2014 (effective 1 October 2014).
3. Reduction of points of entry
Instead of 33, now only 9 customhouses are exclusively assigned to deal with shoe imports. The according regulation was published on 1 September 2014 (effective 1 October 2014).
4. Sector specific registry
Importers have to be inscribed on a sector-specific registry, otherwise they are not allowed to import shoes. The respective regulation stipulating the sectors was published on 1 September 2014 and was effective as of 1 October 2014.
5. Advance notice
Importers have to notice their orders in advance. The Fiscal Administration Service (Servicio de Administración Tributaria, SAT) will review the invoices, freight costs, insurances, and cargo documents in order to screen imports for undervalued products.
The requested data and affected tariff lines are listed in an agreement published on 8 January 2015 and 5 February 2015, effective as of 19 January 2015. Import permits are only required when the import price is below the reference price set by the Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit.
Imported goods will be audited for compliance at the customs offices and posterior to that.
Like in other sectors, the SAT is going to designate observers by the Chamber of the Footwear Industry to control the goods at the customhouses. In a first move, 10 observers of the industry will be appointed.
8. 10-digit codes
Instead of an 8-digit tariff code, the SAT will use 10-digits in order to better estimate potential undervaluations.