In March 2014, the European Commission announced a change in the required local operations to serve domestic customers.



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1. Protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data

2. 'Unleashing the Potential of Cloud Computing in Europe'

3. European Cloud Computing Strategy

4. The Costs of Data Localisation: A Friendly Fire on Economic Recovery, ECIPE Occasional Paper No. 03/2014
By Erik van der Marel, Hosuk Lee-Makiyama, Matthias Bauer, Bert Verschelde

5. European Parliament Overwhelmingly Approves Data Protection Regulation

6. Transfers by Way of Appropriate Safeguards, Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Protection of Individual with regard to the
processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (General Data Protection Regulation), Compromise amendments on Articles 30-91, at art. 42(1)-(4),
COM (2012) 0011 - C7 0025/2012 - COD (2012) 0011

Inception date: No inception date

Local operations

On 12 March 2014, the European Parliament voted in favour of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), proposed by the European Commission. Under the so-called 'trilogue' process after the vote of the Parliament, the Council has to vote on the proposed legislation before it can enter into force.
The GDPR tightens the rules concerning the use of personal data. For example, companies will be required to prove compliance with appropriate safeguards in order to be able to transfer data outside the EU. Prior authorisation from the respective EU Member States' data protection authorities is another rule that establishes more strict monitoring of companies' international data flows. In addition, "'a'ny legislation which provides for extra-territorial access to personal data processed in the Union without authorisation under Union or Member State law should be considered as an indication of a lack of adequacy. Consequently the transfer of personal data to that third country should be prohibited." (See source 6, art. 41, recital 82).