ANNOUNCEMENT 10 Mar 2015

In March 2015, the Latvian government established the eligibility criteria and requirements of the direct income payment scheme. The scheme aims to support farmers in Latvia under the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) 2014-2020 (see related state act).

NUMBER OF INTERVENTIONS

1

  • 1 harmful
  • 0 neutral
  • 0 liberalising

SOURCE

Republic of Latvia Cabinet Regulation No. 126 Adopted 10 March 2015 Procedures for Granting of Direct Payments to Farmers. Available from: http://extwprlegs1.fao.org/docs/pdf/lat172834.pdf

EUR-Lex. Official Gazette. "Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 establishing rules for direct payments to farmers under support schemes within the framework of the common agricultural policy and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 637/2008 and Council Regulation (EC) No 73/2009". 20/12/2013. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32013R1307&qid=1619526760849

Inception date: 10 Mar 2015 | Removal date: 31 Dec 2020

Financial grant

On 10 March 2015, the Latvian government adopted the Cabinet Regulation No. 126 on Procedures for Granting of Direct Payments to Farmers, establishing the eligibility criteria and requirements of the direct income payment scheme. Under the scheme, eligible local farmers receive direct income payments under the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF). The 2015-2020 budget for these Latvian payments was set out in Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 at EUR 1.246 billion (approx. USD 1.334 billion). 

Income support measures to farmers take the form of financial grants. According to Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013, beneficiaries are active farmers that meet minimum requirements further specific by member states. In the case of Latvia, the adopted Cabinet Regulation establishes the national eligibility criteria and requirements to be met by applicants, including by referring to a set of provisions included in other regulations and standards. The requirements relate to good agricultural practice and good environmental conditions and must be met by beneficiaries of the scheme.

The payments will be managed by the Latvian Rural Support Service, a state administration institution. It was established on 1 January 2000 and operates under the supervision of the Ministry of Agriculture in accordance with the Law on Rural Support Service.

The measure entered into force on 10 March 2015 and shall be applicable until the end of 2020. Prior to the measure, Latvia was financing its income support payments primarily from the 2007-2013 budget of the EAGF which was established under a different subset of rules. In order to grant income support payments to Latvian farmers using the budget from the 2015-2020 budget, Latvia needed to establish the national rules for the 2014-2020 CAP framework. 

EU's CAP framework
The CAP framework is the EU-wide agricultural policy established in 1962 that is subject to reforms and new rules every six years. According to the EU, it aims to support farmers and improve agricultural productivity, ensuring a stable supply of affordable food. Under the CAP, Member States provide three main types of support to the agriculture sector: (i) income support measures, (ii) market measures; and (iii) rural development measures. The two first are primarily financed by the EAGF; whilst the third and last support type is financed by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD).