ANNOUNCEMENT 23 Nov 2012In November 2012, the government of the Russian Federation announced a change for the labour market access of foreign workers.
NUMBER OF INTERVENTIONS
On November 23, 2012, the Head of the Department for Employment of the Ministry of Labour of the Russian Federation, Mrs Svetlana Nechaeva (Rossiyskaya Gazeta, Issue 5944) announced the preparation of amendments of the Russian Labour Code concerning international migration.
The legislative changes foresee the introduction of the obligation for foreign migrants to provide a health insurance in order to be able to work in Russia. The Ministry of Labour plans to introduce the same requirement also for the extension of work permits as well as for the issuance of patents.
Currently, the health insurance requirement is applied only with regard to foreign citizens, who need a visa to enter Russia. At the same time, 70 per cent of the international migrants come from the visa-exempted CIS region and are not subject to any health insurance control.
Experts calculate that only this single legislative change will increase the employment costs for international migrants by 3-5 per cent (Newspaper Kommersant, Nr 98 (5039)/18.01.2013). In addition, foreign migrants must incur further expenses in order to meet the recently introduced requirement to provide certain documents for fluency in Russian (GTA measure Nr. 3909).
On 1 December 2014, the Russian President, Mr Vladimir Putin, signed the discussed legal changes into Federal Law Nr. 409-FZ. It entered into force on 13 December 2014. Concretely, it introduces the obligation for migrant workers upon the signature of a labour contract to present their employer with a copy of a policy Voluntary Medical Insurance (In Russian language , or ). Foreign workers are exempted of this obligation if the employer possesses a signed contract with a medical organisation for provision of paid medical services to the foreign workers. However, experts believe that the employers will avoid the described option, thus leaving the foreign migrants to comply on their own with the new migration rule.