In April 2009, the government of the United States initiated a new anti-subsidy and a new anti-dumping investigation.



  • 2 harmful
  • 0 neutral
  • 0 liberalising


In addition to the sources hyperlinked in the description above, data on the petitioners and their claims were obtained directly from the petition. Several other documents related to the investigation may be reached at

Inception date: 17 Nov 2009 | Removal date: open ended


This case began with a petition filed on April 8, 2009, by a coalition of six U.S. firms and a union seeking the imposition of anti-dumping and countervailing duties on imports of oil country tubular goods (OCTG) from China. The petition provides data on the value of imports from these countries in their petition, as well as the alleged levels of dumping and subsidization, but the petitioner deleted these numbers from the public version of the document. According to the U.S. International Trade Commission, in 2008 the United States imported 2.2 million short tons of this product from China, valued at $2.8 billion.
China is being treated as a non-market economy (NME) in the AD investigation, making it subject to a special investigative methodology under which price comparisons are made not between prices in the United States versus prices in. China, but instead between prices in the United States versus prices in another country (known as the 'surrogate'). In this instance the petitioner has requested that India be used as the surrogate country.
This is not the first action brought against imports of OCTG under the trade-remedy laws. The product was subject to a series of AD and CVD investigations brought against numerous countries in 1984-1986, 1994, and 2002. While many of these investigations led to the imposition of orders, there are currently no AD or CVD orders in place against OCTG imports from any country. AD orders against several countries (i.e., Argentina, Italy, Japan, Korea, and Mexico) were revoked in June, 2007.
Under U.S. trade-remedy laws, AD and CVD petitions are subject to a four-stage process: a preliminary injury determination by the USITC, the preliminary and final dumping and subsidy determinations by the International Trade Administration (ITA) of the Department of Commerce, and the USITC's final injury determination. The USITC reached an affirmative decision in its preliminary determination on May 22, 2009.
The ITA found in its preliminary dumping determination margins ranging from zero to 99.14%; the margins in its preliminary subsidy determination ranged from 10.9 to 30.69%. The U.S. International Trade Commission reached a unanimous final affirmative determination on December 30, 2009. The ITA's AD order (published January 20, 2010) provided for duties ranging from 10.49% to 15.78%


Inception date: 22 May 2009 | Removal date: open ended


At the same date in April 2009, a simultaneous anti-subsidy investigation was launched against the described products.