ANNOUNCEMENT 28 Feb 2018
The Government of Brazil temporarily eliminated the import duties on 780 capital good products enclosed in 242 tariff lines and reinstalled the import duty on another tariff line.
NUMBER OF INTERVENTIONS
Brazilian Foreign Trade Council. Câmara de Comércio Exterior. Resolução 15, de 28 de Fevereiro de 2018. Available at: http://www.camex.gov.br/component/content/article/62-resolucoes-da-camex/em-vigor/1989-resolucao-n-15-de-28-de-fevereiro-de-2018
WTO. (26 July 2013). Trade Policy Review, Report by the Secretariat, Brazil. Report prepared for the sixth Trade Policy Review of Brazil. Document WT/TPR/S/283/Rev., p. 53, para. 3.38
Available at: https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s283_e.pdf
On February 28, 2018, the Brazilian Foreign Trade Chamber (Camex) issued Resolution No. 15 eliminating the import tariffs on 780 capital goods. According to the WTO database, previous duties ranged between 3.5% and 16% depending on the product. These values apply from February 28, 2018, until December 31, 2019.
The tariffs were reduced under Brazil's ex-tarifário regime, which allows temporary customs duty exceptions under the Mercosur Common External Tariff on capital and IT goods. Such an exception can be invoked in case the good in question has no domestically produced equivalent. The goal of this is to restructure Brazil's industrial park and infrastructure services (see WTO Trade Policy Review).
The measure was additionally introduced simultaneously with Camex Resolution No. 14 that reduces the tariff on it and telecommunications products (see related state act). Both resolutions produce 830 ex-tarifários.
Resolution 15, issued by CAMEX on February 28, 2018, also reintroduced the 14% import duty on NCM 8427.20.90 that was reduced to 2% on July 5, 2017, and later to 0% via Resolution 64. This tariff increase enters into force on April 1, 2018.