In June 2011, the government of Greece announced a targeted tax change.



  • 1 harmful
  • 0 neutral
  • 0 liberalising


the letter from the EC to Greece: Brussels, 28.06.2011 C(2011) final 4677 -

Inception date: 28 Jun 2011 | Removal date: open ended

Tax or social insurance relief

The measure aims to promote the economic development of the peripheries (regions) of Anatoliki Makedonia Thraki, Kentriki Makedonia and Sterea Ellada. The beneficiaries of the aid are three gas supply companies, EPA Anatoliki Makedonia Thraki AE, EPA Kentriki Makedonia AE and EPA Sterea Ellada AE (hereinafter collectively referred to as the 'EPAs') which are to be established by the public gas corporation of Greece, DEPA AE, with the purpose of developing and operating the distribution network in each of the three abovementioned areas.
The Commission gave the following assessment:
"The measure involves the use of State resources in the meaning of Article 107(1) of the TFEU as the aid is granted by the Greek Ministry for the Environment, Energy and Climate Change from the public budget, including contributions from the National Strategic Reference Framework (ERDF). The measure is selective as the aid is granted to the EPAs to which it confers an advantage by relieving them of charges they would normally have to bear; the measure may therefore distort or threaten to distort competition. The measure is likely to affect trade between Member States as it applies to the sector of natural gas distribution and supply, which is a sector where such trade exists." (par. 35 of the letter from the EC to Greece: Brussels, 28.06.2011 C(2011) final 4677)
A state measure in the GTA database is assessed solely in terms of the extent to which its implementation affects the extent of discrimination against foreign commercial interests. On this metric, the state aid proposed here is discriminatory.