In September 2010, the government of Japan announced a change in its trade finance instruments.



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The Japan Bank for International Cooperation press release of 1 October 2010: Buyer's Credit for Export of Ship to Malta:

JBIC information on export loans:

Inception date: 30 Sep 2010 | Removal date: open ended

Trade finance

On 30 September 2010, the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) signed two buyer's credit loan agreements, each totalling approximately USD 116 million, with Wilhelmsen Lines Shipowning Malta, Ltd.
The loan will finance the company's purchase of two Roll-on/Roll-off vessels from Japanese Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
In this context the Bank stated: 'JBIC will actively support the export of ships built by domestic shipyards, as they play a major role in the regional economy by providing employment and bolstering local supporting industries, as well as Japanese firms' international shipping business, in cofinancing with private financial institutions.'
JBIC signed a similar buyer's credit agreements with a Singaporean company on the same day also facilitating exports of two Roll-on/Roll-off vessels from Japanese Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. See related measure.
Buyer's credit agreements
JBIC provides direct loans named buyer's credit to overseas importers. Loans are obtained if it finances the purchase of Japanese machinery, equipment or technology in specific eligible sectors. The Bank hereto stated that these loans are intended to 'positively contribute to Japanese companies'. Further information can be found on the Bank's website under export loans.

The GTA includes state guarantees and other financial incentives that are likely to affect the restructuring and performance of firms facing international competition, whether from imports, in export markets, and from foreign subsidiaries.

According to UN Comtrade, no trading partner exceeded the GTA threshold of USD 1 million on the affected tariff lines in the year prior to the intervention. Thus, no affected trading partners have been identified.