ANNOUNCEMENT 28 Mar 2016
In March 2016, the government of Brazil announced a change in import duties.
NUMBER OF INTERVENTIONS
Ministry of Development, Industry and Trade (MDIC), press release of 28 March 2016 on Camex Resolution no. 21/16
Available at: http://www.mdic.gov.br/sitio/interna/noticia.php?area=5¬icia=14406
Brazilian Foreign Trade Council (Camex), Resolution no. 21 of 24 March 2016, (published in the Official Gazette of 28 March 2016)
Available at: http://www.camex.gov.br/component/content/article/62-resolucoes-da-camex/em-vigor/1618-resolucao-n-21-de-24-de-marco-de-2016
WTO. (26 July 2013). Trade Policy Review, Report by the Secretariat, Brazil. Report prepared for the sixth Trade Policy Review of Brazil. Document WT/TPR/S/283/Rev., p. 53, para. 3.38
Available at: https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s283_e.pdf
On 28 March 2016, the Brazilian Foreign Trade Council (Camex) issued Resolution No. 21 decreasing the import tariff on 17 products from the IT and telecommunications sector to 2%. Out of the 17 products, 12 tariff lines are extended and the remaining 5 are new. The measure entered into force on 28 March 2016 and is in force until 31 December 2017.
The tariffs were reduced under Brazil's ex-tarifário regime, which allows temporary customs duty exceptions under the Mercosur Common External Tariff on capital and IT goods. Such an exception can be invoked in case the good in question has no domestically produced equivalent. The goal of this is to restructure Brazil's industrial park and infrastructure services (see WTO Trade Policy Review).
The measure was introduced simultaneously with Camex Resolution No. 22 that reduces the tariff on capital goods (see related measure). Both measures produce 168 ex-tarifários.
Affected sectors and countries of origin according to Camex
The main affected sectors by both measures are energy (35.24%);mining (21.73%); rail (21.29%); auto parts (7.64%); wood and furniture (2.92%); agribusiness (1.89%); . capital goods (1.58%) and telecommunications (1.53%).
The products' country of origin by both measures are United States (23.29%); Spain (22.16%); Germany (12.80%); China (12.70%); Poland (7.97%), South Korea (3.40%); India (3.30%); Italy (3.07%) and the Netherlands (2.58%)
Affected trading partners are identified based on UN Comtrade's import data from 2014.