ANNOUNCEMENT 26 Dec 2015In December 2015, the government of Brazil announced a change in import duties.
NUMBER OF INTERVENTIONS
Ministry of Development, Industry and Trade (MDIC), press release of 27 January 2016 on Camex Resolution no. 7/16
Available at: http://www.mdic.gov.br/sitio/interna/noticia.php?area=1¬icia=14297
Brazilian Foreign Trade Council (Camex), Resolution no. 7 of 26 January 2016, (published in the Official Gazette of 27 January 2016)
Available at: http://www.camex.gov.br/legislacao/interna/id/1501
WTO. (26 July 2013). Trade Policy Review, Report by the Secretariat, Brazil. Report prepared for the sixth Trade Policy Review of Brazil. Document WT/TPR/S/283/Rev., p. 53, para. 3.38
Available at: https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s283_e.pdf
On 26 December 2015 the Brazilian Foreign Trade Council (Camex) issued Resolution No. 7 decreasing the import tariff on 360 products related to capital goods from 14% to 2%. Out of the 360 products 187 tariff lines are prolonged and the remaining 173 are new. The measure entered into force 27 January 2016 and is in effect until 31 December 2016 or 31 December 2017 depending on the specific product.
The tariffs were reduced under Brazil's ex-tarifário regime, which allows temporary customs duty exceptions under the Mercosur Common External Tariff on capital and IT goods. Such an exception can be invoked in case the good in question has no domestically produced equivalent. The goal of this is to restructure Brazil's industrial park and infrastructure services (see WTO Trade Policy Review).
The measure was introduced simultaneously with Camex Resolution No. 6 that reduces the tariff on IT goods (see related measure). Both measures produce 382 ex-tarifários.
Sectors and countries of origin according to Camex
The main affected sectors by both measures are environment and recycling (17.46%); auto parts (15.56%); Beverages (13.76%); capital goods (5.11%); energy (4.61%); Packaging (4.61%); wires and cables (4.37%); and food (3.96%)
The products' country of origin by both measures are mainly from United States (29.23%); Germany (14.24%); China (9.80%); Italy (7.59%); Belgium (6.02%); France (5.07%); Sweden (3.70%); Norway (3.64%); and Switzerland (3.57%)
Affected trade partners are identified based on UN Comtrade's import data from 2014.