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On 25 July 2016, the European Commission announced in a press release that the Spanish rail operator ADIF would have to recover state aid worth 358.6 million EUR for the construction of a test centre (henceforth CEATF) near Malaga, Andalusia.
The Commission also found that Spain had already distributed funds of 140.7 million EUR to ADIF back in January 2011. In fact, "The Commission also found that, despite the public funding allocated, no private investor showed an interest in participating in the funding. In fact, the CEATF was expected to generate losses throughout its entire period of operation. (...)
"The public funding would thus create a distortion of competition by subsidising a new entrant in the market. On this basis, the Commission concluded that the aid was incompatible with the internal market and ordered Spain to recover from ADIF the funds which have already been disbursed to the company." (EC press release, 25.07.2016)
A state measure in the GTA database is assessed solely in terms of the extent to which its implementation affects the extent of discrimination against foreign commercial interests. On this metric, the state aid proposed here is discriminatory.
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