IMPLEMENTATION LEVEL

National

AFFECTED FLOW

Inflow

ANNOUNCED AS TEMPORARY

No

NON-TRADE-RELATED RATIONALE

No

ELIGIBLE FIRMS

all

JUMBO

No

TARIFF PEAK

No
← back to the state act
Inception date: No inception date

Import tariff

On July 27, 2010 President Obama signed into law a bill (H.R.4380) entitled the United States Manufacturing Enhancement Act of 2010 (now Public Law No: 111-227). This is a miscellaneous tariff bill (MTB) that provides for the suspension of import tariffs (i.e., duty-free treatment on a most-favored-nation basis) for dozens of products. Some of the products covered by this bill already receive duty-free treatment under the terms of a previous MTB, which formed a part of the even broader Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-432), but those suspensions expired on December 31, 2009. The products that were granted duty-free treatment under that earlier law thus 'snapped back' to dutiable status on January 1, 2010. The new MTB restores many of those lost suspensions, and also covers new items that would receive duty-free treatment for the first time.
 
MTBs are developed in the first instance by the two main trade committees in Congress, these being the Ways and Means Committee in the House of Representatives and the Finance Committee in the Senate. In this instance it is the Senate Finance Committee that is taking the lead in developing the MTB. A list of the many separate bills that were under consideration for inclusion in the MTB was posted. Most of the proposed suspensions affect chemicals, many of which are quite obscure to the layman, but other items that might be included are rolled glass sheets, various types of footwear, snow globes, magnets, ski poles, manganese flake, fabric bags, and even swimming pools (among many others). Not all items under consideration ultimately made it into the final bill. Both of the trade committees operate under general rules providing that any individual item in the bill cannot exceed more than $500,000 in revenue loss (i.e., foregone tariffs), and both committees will usually insist that there be no domestic production of, or opposition to, the products in question. The committees also receive input on these matters from the administration and from the U.S. International Trade Commission. The process is described at greater length on the websites of the Senate Finance Committee (click here) and the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (click here).
 
MTBs became more controversial following the publication of an exposé by the Washington Post in 2006.* This minor scandal helped to inspire provisions in the Honest Leadership and Open Government Act of 2007, under which legislators are required to disclose when they add a tariff suspension to a larger bill. They must justify the tax break in writing and name the company that would benefit, and the information must be posted in a searchable form on the Internet at least two days before Congress votes on the measure. The heightened scrutiny was also a contributing factor in the failure of the 110th Congress (2007-2008) to enact a duty-suspension bill.
 
 
 
 
 
* :Joe Stephens, 'A Quiet Break for Corporations' The Washington Post (September 20, 2006).

AFFECTED COUNTRIES

MAP
TABLE
EXPORT

AFFECTED SECTORS AND PRODUCTS

263 Textile yarn & thread of natural fibres
5108 Yarn of fine animal hair (carded or combed), not put up for retail sale.
510820 Combed
267 Woven fabrics of man-made filaments & staple fibres
5407 Woven fabrics of synthetic filament yarn, including woven fabrics obtained from materials of heading 54.04.
540710 Woven fabrics obtained from high tenacity yarn of nylon or other polyamides or of polyesters
540720 Woven fabrics obtained from strip or the like
540741 Unbleached or bleached
540743 Of yarns of different colours
540751 Unbleached or bleached
540753 Of yarns of different colours
540754 Printed
540761 Containing 85 % or more by weight of nontextured polyester filaments
540769 Other
540771 Unbleached or bleached
540773 Of yarns of different colours
540781 Unbleached or bleached
540783 Of yarns of different colours
540784 Printed
540791 Unbleached or bleached
540793 Of yarns of different colours
292 Luggage & handbags; saddlery & harness; other leather articles
4202 Trunks, suitcases, vanitycases, executivecases, briefcases, school satchels, spectacle cases, binocular cases, camera cases, musical instrument cases, gun cases, holsters and similar containers; travellingbags, insulated food or beverages bags, toile
420211 With outer surface of leather or of composition leather
420212 With outer surface of plastics or of textile materials
420219 Other
420221 With outer surface of leather or of composition leather
420222 With outer surface of plastic sheeting or of textile materials
420229 Other
420231 With outer surface of leather or of composition leather
420232 With outer surface of plastic sheeting or of textile materials
420239 Other
420291 With outer surface of leather or of composition leather
420292 With outer surface of plastic sheeting or of textile materials
420299 Other
341 Basic organic chemicals
2903 Halogenated derivatives of hydrocarbons.
290312 Dichloromethane (methylene chloride)
290315 Ethylene dichloride (ISO) (1,2dichloroethane)
290319 Other
290322 Trichloroethylene
290323 Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene)
290329 Other
290339 Other
290371 Chlorodifluoromethane
290372 Dichlorotrifluoroethanes
290373 Dichlorofluoroethanes
290374 Chlorodifluoroethanes
290377 Other, perhalogenated only with fluorine and chlorine
290379 Other
290389 Other
290391 Chlorobenzene, odichlorobenzene and pdichlorobenzene
290399 Other
2904 Sulphonated, nitrated or nitrosated derivatives of hydrocarbons, whether or not halogenated.
290410 Derivatives containing only sulpho groups, their salts and ethyl esters
290420 Derivatives containing only nitro or only nitroso groups
290490 Other
2912 Aldehydes, whether or not with other oxygen function; cyclic polymers of aldehydes; paraformaldehyde.
291219 Other
291221 Benzaldehyde
291229 Other
291241 Vanillin (4hydroxy3methoxybenzaldehyde)
291242 Ethylvanillin (3ethoxy4hydroxybenzaldehyde)
291249 Other
291250 Cyclic polymers of aldehydes
291260 Paraformaldehyde
2915 Saturated acyclic monocarboxylic acids and their anhydrides, halides, peroxides and peroxyacids; their halogenated, sulphonated, nitrated or nitrosated derivatives.
291511 Formic acid
291512 Salts of formic acid
291513 Esters of formic acid
291524 Acetic anhydride
291529 Other
291531 Ethyl acetate
291532 Vinyl acetate
291539 Other
291540 Mono, di or trichloroacetic acids, their salts and esters
291550 Propionic acid, its salts and esters
291560 Butanoic acids, pentanoic acids, their salts and esters
291570 Palmitic acid, stearic acid, their salts and esters
291590 Other
2920 Esters of other inorganic acids of nonmetals (excluding esters of hydrogen halides) and their salts; their halogenated, sulphonated, nitrated or nitrosated derivatives.
292011 Parathion (ISO) and parathionmethyl (ISO) (methylparathion)
292019 Other
292090 Other
2921 Aminefunction compounds.
292111 Methylamine, di or trimethylamine and their salts
292119 Other
292121 Ethylenediamine and its salts
292122 Hexamethylenediamine and its salts
292129 Other
292130 Cyclanic, cyclenic or cycloterpenic mono or polyamines, and their derivatives; salts thereof
292142 Aniline derivatives and their salts
292143 Toluidines and their derivatives; salts thereof
292144 Diphenylamine and its derivatives; salts thereof
292145 1Naphthylamine (alphanaphthylamine), 2naphthylamine (beta naphthylamine) and their derivatives; salts thereof
292149 Other
292151 o, m, pPhenylenediamine, diaminotoluenes, and their derivatives; salts thereof
292159 Other
2922 Oxygenfunction aminocompounds.
292211 Monoethanolamine and its salts
292212 Diethanolamine and its salts
292219 Other
292221 Aminohydroxynaphthalenesulphonic acids and their salts
292229 Other
292239 Other
292249 Other
292250 Aminoalcoholphenols, aminoacidphenols and other amino compounds with oxygen function
2924 Carboxyamidefunction compounds; amidefunction compounds of carbonic acid.
292421 Ureines and their derivatives; salts thereof
2930 Organosulphur compounds.
293020 Thiocarbamates and dithiocarbamates
293030 Thiuram mono, di or tetrasulphides
293040 Methionine
293090 Other
2932 Heterocyclic compounds with oxygen heteroatom(s) only.
293211 Tetrahydrofuran
293212 2Furaldehyde (furfuraldehyde)
293213 Furfuryl alcohol and tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol
293219 Other
293293 Piperonal
293299 Other
2933 Heterocyclic compounds with nitrogen heteroatom(s) only.
293329 Other
293331 Pyridine and its salts
293332 Piperidine and its salts
293339 Other
293349 Other
293361 Melamine
293379 Other lactams
293391 Alprazolam (INN), camazepam (INN), chlordiazepoxide (INN), clonazepam (INN), clorazepate, delorazepam (INN), diazepam (INN), estazolam (INN), ethyl loflazepate (INN), fludiazepam (INN), flunitrazepam (INN), flurazepam (INN), halazepam (INN), lorazepam
293399 Other
2934 Nucleic acids and their salts, whether or not chemically defined; other heterocyclic compounds.
293410 Compounds containing an unfused thiazole ring (whether or not hydrogenated) in the structure
293420 Compounds containing in the structure a benzothiazole ring system (whether or not hydrogenated), not further fused
293491 Aminorex (INN), brotizolam (INN), clotiazepam (INN), cloxazolam (INN), dextromoramide (INN), haloxazolam (INN), ketazolam (INN), mesocarb (INN), oxazolam (INN), pemoline (INN), phendimetrazine (INN), phenmetrazine (INN) and sufentanil (INN); salts ther
293499 Other
342 Basic inorganic chemicals n.e.c.
2846 Compounds, inorganic or organic, of rareearth metals, of yttrium or of scandium or of mixtures of these metals.
284610 Cerium compounds
284690 Other
344 Activated natural mineral products incl. acids, oils and tar
3806 Rosin and resin acids, and derivatives thereof; rosin spirit and rosin oils; run gums.
380610 Rosin and resin acids
380620 Salts of rosin, of resin acids or of derivatives of rosin or resin acids, other than salts of rosin adducts
380630 Ester gums
380690 Other
346 Fertilizers & pesticides
3808 Insecticides, rodenticides, fungicides, herbicides, antisprouting products and plantgrowth regulators, disinfectants and similar products, put up in forms or packings for retail sale or as preparations or articles (for example, sulphurtreated bands, wi
380850 Goods specified in Subheading Note 1 to this Chapter
380891 Insecticides
380892 Fungicides
380893 Herbicides, antisprouting products and plantgrowth regulators
380894 Disinfectants
380899 Other
347 Plastics in primary forms
3904 Polymers of vinyl chloride or of other halogenated olefins, in primary forms.
390410 Poly(vinyl chloride), not mixed with any other substances
390421 Nonplasticised
390422 Plasticised
390430 Vinyl chloridevinyl acetate copolymers
390440 Other vinyl chloride copolymers
390450 Vinylidene chloride polymers
390461 Polytetrafluoroethylene
390469 Other
390490 Other
3907 Polyacetals, other polyethers and epoxide resins, in primary forms; polycarbonates, alkyd resins, polyallyl esters and other polyesters, in primary forms.
390710 Polyacetals
390720 Other polyethers
390730 Epoxide resins
390740 Polycarbonates
390750 Alkyd resins
390760 Poly(ethylene terephthalate)
390770 Poly(lactic acid)
390791 Unsaturated
390799 Other
3908 Polyamides in primary forms.
390810 Polyamide6, 11, 12, 6,6, 6,9, 6,10 or 6,12
390890 Other
3909 Aminoresins, phenolic resins and polyurethanes, in primary forms.
390910 Urea resins; thiourea resins
390920 Melamine resins
390930 Other aminoresins
390940 Phenolic resins
390950 Polyurethanes
3911 Petroleum resins, coumaroneindene resins, polyterpenes, polysulphides, polysulphones and other products specified in Note 3 to this Chapter, not elsewhere specified or included, in primary forms.
391110 Petroleum resins, coumarone, indene or coumaroneindene resins and polyterpenes
391190 Other
351 Paints & varnishes & related products; artists' colours; ink
3215 Printing ink, writing or drawing ink and other inks, whether or not concentrated or solid.
321511 Black
321519 Other
321590 Other
352 Pharmaceutical products
2922 Oxygenfunction aminocompounds.
292241 Lysine and its esters; salts thereof
292242 Glutamic acid and its salts
2924 Carboxyamidefunction compounds; amidefunction compounds of carbonic acid.
292419 Other
292429 Other
2932 Heterocyclic compounds with oxygen heteroatom(s) only.
293220 Lactones
2933 Heterocyclic compounds with nitrogen heteroatom(s) only.
293319 Other
293321 Hydantoin and its derivatives
293353 Allobarbital (INN), amobarbital (INN), barbital (INN), butalbital (INN), butobarbital, cyclobarbital (INN), methylphenobarbital (INN), pentobarbital (INN), phenobarbital (INN), secbutabarbital (INN), secobarbital (INN) and vinylbital (INN); salts there
293359 Other
293369 Other
2934 Nucleic acids and their salts, whether or not chemically defined; other heterocyclic compounds.
293430 Compounds containing in the structure a phenothiazine ring system (whether or not hydrogenated), not further fused
354 Chemical products n.e.c.
3812 Prepared rubber accelerators; compound plasticisers for rubber or plastics, not elsewhere specified or included; antioxidising preparations and other compound stabilisers for rubber or plastics.
381210 Prepared rubber accelerators
381220 Compound plasticisers for rubber or plastics
381230 Antioxidising preparations and other compound stabilisers for rubber or plastics
3817 Mixed alkylbenzenes and mixed alkylnaphthalenes, other than those of heading 27.07 or 29.02.
381700 Mixed alkylbenzenes and mixed alkylnaphthalenes, other than those of heading 27.07 or 29.02.
355 Man-made fibres
5404 Synthetic monofilament of 67 decitex or more and of which no crosssectional dimension exceeds 1 mm; strip and the like (for example, artificial straw) of synthetic textile materials of an apparent width not exceeding 5 mm.
540411 Elastomeric
540419 Other
540490 Other
5501 Synthetic filament tow.
550110 Of nylon or other polyamides
550130 Acrylic or modacrylic
550140 Of polypropylene
5503 Synthetic staple fibres, not carded, combed or otherwise processed for spinning.
550311 Of aramids
550319 Other
550320 Of polyesters
550330 Acrylic or modacrylic
550340 Of polypropylene
550390 Other
362 Other rubber products
4016 Other articles of vulcanised rubber other than hard rubber.
401610 Of cellular rubber
401691 Floor coverings and mats
401692 Erasers
401693 Gaskets, washers and other seals
401694 Boat or dock fenders, whether or not inflatable
401695 Other inflatable articles
401699 Other
363 Semi-manufactures of plastics
3921 Other plates, sheets, film, foil and strip, of plastics.
392111 Of polymers of styrene
392112 Of polymers of vinyl chloride
392113 Of polyurethanes
392114 Of regenerated cellulose
392119 Of other plastics
392190 Other
439 Other general-purpose machinery & parts
8419 Machinery, plant or laboratory equipment, whether or not electrically heated (excluding furnaces, ovens and other equipment of heading 85.14), for the treatment of materials by a process involving a change of temperature such as heating, cooking, roasting
841940 Distilling or rectifying plant
841950 Heat exchange units
841960 Machinery for liquefying air or other gases
841989 Other
841990 Parts
445 Machinery for food, beverage & tobacco processing; parts
8419 Machinery, plant or laboratory equipment, whether or not electrically heated (excluding furnaces, ovens and other equipment of heading 85.14), for the treatment of materials by a process involving a change of temperature such as heating, cooking, roasting
841931 For agricultural products
841981 For making hot drinks or for cooking or heating food
448 Domestic appliances & parts
8419 Machinery, plant or laboratory equipment, whether or not electrically heated (excluding furnaces, ovens and other equipment of heading 85.14), for the treatment of materials by a process involving a change of temperature such as heating, cooking, roasting
841911 Instantaneous gas water heaters
841919 Other
449 Other special-purpose machinery & parts
8419 Machinery, plant or laboratory equipment, whether or not electrically heated (excluding furnaces, ovens and other equipment of heading 85.14), for the treatment of materials by a process involving a change of temperature such as heating, cooking, roasting
841932 For wood, paper pulp, paper or paperboard
841939 Other
481 Medical & surgical equipment & orthopaedic appliances
8419 Machinery, plant or laboratory equipment, whether or not electrically heated (excluding furnaces, ovens and other equipment of heading 85.14), for the treatment of materials by a process involving a change of temperature such as heating, cooking, roasting
841920 Medical, surgical or laboratory sterilisers

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