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Import licensing requirement
On 11 April 2014, the Indonesian Ministry of Trade issued regulation 20/M-DAG/PER/3/2014 concerning 'Controlling and Monitoring of Alcoholic Beverages' Supply, Distribution and Sale' based on the Presidential Regulation 74/2013.
The law stipulates three categories of alcoholic beverages depending on their alcoholic content: 0-5%, 5-21% and 21-55% (cf. Appendix of regulation 20/M-DAG/PER/3/2014 for more details).
Every importer of alcoholic beverages must be certified as a 'registered importer of alcoholic beverages' (IT-MB), as indicated in art. 5 of the regulation. In order to obtain the certificate, article 6 lists a number of requirements such as:
In addition, each holder of an IT-MB must receive an import permit from the Ministry and has to import at least 80% of the amount specified in the permit (art. 8 & 9).
Furthermore, the regulation specifies the forms of distribution of alcoholic beverages, including special trade business licenses for each of the three categories mentioned above (cf. art. 13-18). Retailers and sellers holding business licenses in the first category (i.e. alcoholic content of 0-5%) had 6 months from the day the regulation came into force to comply with the regulation (art. 53 of regulation 20/M-DAG/PER/3/2014). This was later postponed to 18 months for retailers and 12 months for sellers by article 53 of the amendment 72/M-DAG/PER/10/2014.
The provisions came into force on the day of issuance.
On 16 January 2015, the Ministry issued a second amendment 06/M-DAG/PER/1/2015, restricting the sale of beverages in the category A to supermarkets and hypermarkets (art. 14) - except for hotels, restaurants, and liquor stores. Previously, this was also allowed in minimarkets and "other retail stores".
On 11 May 2016, the initial regulation was adjusted for a third time with amendment 32/M-DAG/PER/5/2016. The amendment slightly simplified the process of reporting changes in the name or brand of the alcoholic beverage.
On 28 March 2018, the fourth amendment 47/2018 was announced by the Ministry (see Related State Acts). It scrapped the import allocation regime.
On 27 March 2019, the fifth amendment 25/2019 redefined the affected alcohol products listed in annex I. However, it did not change the concrete HS codes listed in annex II.
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