IMPLEMENTATION LEVEL

National

AFFECTED FLOW

Inflow

ANNOUNCED AS TEMPORARY

No

NON-TRADE-RELATED RATIONALE

No

ELIGIBLE FIRMS

all

JUMBO

No

TARIFF PEAK

No
← back to the state act
Inception date: 02 Apr 2014 | Removal date: open ended
Still in force

State loan

On April 2, 2014, the Government of the Russian Federation approved with Decree Nr 256 the subsidisation of milk producers. To become eligible for the scheme, the loans must be used for instment in milk production with a maturity of no greater than 15 years.
 
The purpose of the state subsidies is to alleviate the difficult situation the Russian milk production and processing sector faces. Andrej Danilenko from the National Union of Milk Producers explains that the negative development of the sector is a consequence of rising prices of raw milk since 2012 due to reduced number of dairy cattle provoked by a lack of mixed fodder and fodder grain. As a result, the Russian milk producers started experiencing sharp cash deficits. As Danilenko further clarified, the crisis on the local milk market led to an increase in milk imports; his import forecasts for 2013 are for 11 million tons, compared to the 2012 figure of 9 million tons.
 
In addition, this state measure can be analysed with the 2012 statement of the President of the Russian Federation, Mr Vladimir Putin, that the interests of the economic sectors, agriculture included, who meet the most intensive competition from abroad after the WTO accession, will be considered. Furthermore, in the Annual Presidential Address to the Federal Assembly held on 12 December 2013, Mr. Putin declared: "Companies, registered in foreign jurisdictions, must not benefit from state support, including from Vnesheconombank and state guarantees. Their access to contracts for state orders and for contracts with structures with state participation must be eliminated". In conclusion, although the end beneficiaries of the allocated subsidies to the subjects of the Russian Federation cannot be directly identified, it can be expected that they will be Russian.
 
The GTA includes state guarantees and other financial incentives that are likely to affect the restructuring and performance of firms facing international competition, whether from imports, in export markets, and from foreign subsidiaries.

AFFECTED COUNTRIES

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AFFECTED SECTORS AND PRODUCTS

221 Processed liquid milk, cream & whey
0401 Milk and cream, not concentrated nor containing added sugar or other sweetening matter.
040110 Of a fat content, by weight, not exceeding 1 %
040120 Of a fat content, by weight, exceeding 1 % but not exceeding 6 %
040140 Of a fat content, by weight, exceeding 6 % but not exceeding 10 %
040150 Of a fat content, by weight, exceeding 10 %
0404 Whey, whether or not concentrated or containing added sugar or other sweetening matter; products consisting of natural milk constituents, whether or not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter, not elsewhere specified or included.
040410 Whey and modified whey, whether or not concentrated or containing added sugar or other sweetening matter
222 Other dairy products
0402 Milk and cream, concentrated or containing added sugar or other sweetening matter.
040210 In powder, granules or other solid forms, of a fat content, by weight, not exceeding 1.5 %
040221 Not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter
040229 Other
040291 Not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter
040299 Other
0403 Buttermilk, curdled milk and cream, yogurt, kephir and other fermented or acidified milk and cream, whether or not concentrated or containing added sugar or other sweetening matter or flavoured or containing added fruit, nuts or cocoa.
040310 Yogurt
040390 Other
0404 Whey, whether or not concentrated or containing added sugar or other sweetening matter; products consisting of natural milk constituents, whether or not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter, not elsewhere specified or included.
040490 Other

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