IMPLEMENTATION LEVEL

National

AFFECTED FLOW

Inflow

ANNOUNCED AS TEMPORARY

No

NON-TRADE-RELATED RATIONALE

No

ELIGIBLE FIRMS

all

JUMBO

No

TARIFF PEAK

No
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Inception date: 10 Jul 2009 | Removal date: open ended
Still in force

Sanitary and phytosanitary measure

On 2 July 2009, the Secretary of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fishing and Food (SAGARPA) of the United States of Mexico issued the emergency phyto-sanitary measure NOM-EM-047-FITO-2009, which aims to prevent the spread of the Huanglongbing (HLB) virus to Mexico. HLB is a virus that causes the premature death of citrus trees and is particularly common in East and South-East Asia. According to SAGARPA, the presence of HLB in Vietnam and China forces citrus producers to spray crops with pesticides up to 50 times per year in order to ensure that the virus does not spread to uninfected trees.
 
Measure NOM-EM-047-FITO-2009 is targeted at both the importation of infected produce and materials and at halting the spread of potential outbreaks in Mexican terriroty. SAGARPA estimates that losses from an outbreak of the virus could cause up to MXN8 billion, based on documented cases in South Africa, in which the entire citrus crop was destroyed by HLB in a single year. As such, the Secretary has imposed the cited measures in order to empower it, among other things, to quaratine and destroy imported fruits, trees, packing materials and other goods that might carry the HLB virus. The regulations also permit SAGARPA to quarantine regions of the country infected with the virus and to limit domestic transport of infected goods.
 
The Secretary identified the southern United States, Cuba and Dominican Republic as the most likely points of origin for a potential outbreak of HLB in Mexico (based on trade patterns, proximity and the presence of the virus in these markets), but it also identified eight other countries (of which six are in Asia) that have routine documented cases of outbreaks.

AFFECTED COUNTRIES

MAP
TABLE
EXPORT

AFFECTED SECTORS AND PRODUCTS

019 Forage; natural rubber; living plants; raw vegetable materials
0602 Other live plants (including their roots), cuttings and slips; mushroom spawn.
060220 Trees, shrubs and bushes, grafted or not, of kinds which bear edible fruit or nuts
060240 Roses, grafted or not
060290 Other
214 Prepared & preserved fruits & nuts
0805 Citrus fruit, fresh or dried.
080510 Oranges
080540 Grapefruit, including pomelos
0814 Peel of citrus fruit or melons (including watermelons), fresh, frozen, dried or provisionally preserved in brine, in sulphur water or in other preservative solutions.
081400 Peel of citrus fruit or melons (including watermelons), fresh, frozen, dried or provisionally preserved in brine, in sulphur water or in other preservative solutions.

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