IMPLEMENTATION LEVEL

National

AFFECTED FLOW

Inflow

ANNOUNCED AS TEMPORARY

No

NON-TRADE-RELATED RATIONALE

No

ELIGIBLE FIRMS

all

JUMBO

No

TARIFF PEAK

No
← back to the state act
Inception date: 04 Jan 2011 | Removal date: open ended
Still in force

Import-related non-tariff measure, nes

On January 4, 2011 President Obama signed into law the "FDA Food Safety Modernization Act" (H.R.2751), a bill that extensively modies the existing rules for the inspection of domestic and imported food. Earlier versions of the bill had included provisions that may have been considered discriminatory against imports, but those concerns appear to have been assuaged. Some of the requirements (e.g., for tracing food to its origins) may nonetheless be more difficult for smaller suppliers, especially in developing countries, to meet.
The Obama administration and Congress had been working on new food-safety requirements since early 2009. The administration released the key findings of its Food Safety Working Group on July 7, 2009.'1' The group favored a traceback and response system to be used in the event of an outbreak of illness stemming from adulterated or contaminated food. It also called upon Congress to write legislation mandating preventive controls and sanitation requirements for food facilities. The Working Group set a goal of three months for the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to issue draft guidance for the food industry on developing industry product tracing systems to detect the source of foodborne illness. The administration also plans to work with Congress to write legislation giving FDA, the Food Safety Inspection Service, and other relevant Federal agencies authority to require sanitation and preventive controls based on scientific hazard analysis at food facilities. The legislation is intended to authorize access for Federal agencies to basic food-safety records at food facilities and use resources flexibly to target high-risk foods, and give the agencies the authority to issue mandatory recalls.
Congress began developing legislation even before the working group issued its report. The Energy and Commerce Committee in the House of Representatives approved on June 17, 2009 the 'Food Safety Enhancement Act of 2009' (see H.R.2749 for the bill as introduced, click here for the amended version adopted by the Energy and Commerce Committee; click here for the bill as approved by the House). The bill was then referred to the Agriculture Committee in the House of Representatives, which held a hearing on the matter on July 16, 2009.
Much of the bill builds upon existing law. A few other provisions of the bill apply requirements to imported food and to foreign facilities that appear to be broadly consistent with the corresponding rules for domestic facilities, but may differ to some degree. Whether that difference is discriminatory may be a question that is answered more in practice than in principle, insofar as the law would give administrative discretion to the FDA and other agencies. For example, a new section 805 would be added to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act creating a Foreign Supplier Verification Program, providing for verification that imports meet the requirements of U.S. law. The bill leaves some discretion to the FDA, however, in devising the specific guidelines.
One provision in the original version of the bill would have imposed a higher country-of-origin labeling (COOL) requirement on imported food, but the Energy and Commerce Committee removed that provision from the bill during its mark-up of the legislation. The provision in question would have amended the law (codified at 21 U.S.C. 343) to require that the labels on imported, processed food identify 'the country in which the final processing of the food occurs,' and that 'the Web site for the manufacturer of the food ... identify the country (or countries) of origin for each ingredient in the food' (emphasis added). This would appear to be a substantial expansion beyond the current COOL requirements in the United States. The only COOL provisions remaining in the bill at present require that unprocessed food be labeled with the country of orign, and that processed food be labeled with the country in which final processing occurred.
The House of Representatives approved the bill on July 30, 2009 by a vote of 283-142. The Senate had approved one version of this law on November 30, 2010, but was then required for constitutional reasons to enact a new version on December 19, 2010 (the problem being that the earlier version had violated the rule by which any bill approving new taxes'or fees' must be introduced in the House and not the Senate). The House then approved the Senate's version of the bill on December 21, 2010, clearing it for the president's signature.
 
 
On December 13, 2016 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued afinal rule to establish a user fee program for a voluntaryaccreditation program under the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act. Thefinal rule provides for a user-fee program to assess fees and requirereimbursement for the work the agency performs to establish andadminister the third-party certification program. This program accreditsthird-party certification bodies to conduct food-safety audits offoreign food entities, and to certify that foreign food facilities andfood produced by such facilities meet applicable FDA requirements. Importers may use these audits and certifications to establish theireligibility for the Voluntary Qualified Importer Program. The FDA mayalso require certifications as a condition of granting admission intothe U.S. market when food-safety risks have been identified. The ruleallows the FDA to assess fees for the work it performs to establish andadminister the third-party certification program. For the period ofJanuary 13, 2017 through September 30, 2017, FDA will assess a $35,100initial application fee for certification bodies seeking directaccreditation

'1' Established by President Obama in March, this body was chaired by Secretary of Health and Human Services Kathleen Sebelius and Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack. Other agencies involved in the group are the Food and Drug Administration, the Food Safety and Inspection Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the departments of Homeland Security, Commerce, and State, the Environmental Protection Agency, and several offices within the White House.

AFFECTED COUNTRIES

MAP
TABLE
EXPORT

AFFECTED SECTORS AND PRODUCTS

011 Cereals
1001 Wheat and meslin.
100119 Other
100199 Other
1002 Rye.
100290 Other
1003 Barley.
100390 Other
1004 Oats.
100490 Other
1005 Maize (corn).
100590 Other
012 Vegetables
0702 Tomatoes, fresh or chilled.
070200 Tomatoes, fresh or chilled.
0703 Onions, shallots, garlic, leeks and other alliaceous vegetables, fresh or chilled.
070310 Onions and shallots
070320 Garlic
070390 Leeks and other alliaceous vegetables
0704 Cabbages, cauliflowers, kohlrabi, kale and similar edible brassicas, fresh or chilled.
070410 Cauliflowers and headed broccoli
070420 Brussels sprouts
070490 Other
0705 Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and chicory (Cichorium spp.), fresh or chilled.
070511 Cabbage lettuce (head lettuce)
070519 Other
070521 Witloof chicory (Cichorium intybus var. foliosum)
070529 Other
0706 Carrots, turnips, salad beetroot, salsify, celeriac, radishes and similar edible roots, fresh or chilled.
070610 Carrots and turnips
070690 Other
0707 Cucumbers and gherkins, fresh or chilled.
070700 Cucumbers and gherkins, fresh or chilled.
0708 Leguminous vegetables, shelled or unshelled, fresh or chilled.
070810 Peas (Pisum sativum)
070820 Beans (Vigna spp., Phaseolus spp.)
070890 Other leguminous vegetables
0709 Other vegetables, fresh or chilled.
070920 Asparagus
070930 Aubergines (eggplants)
070940 Celery other than celeriac
070951 Mushrooms of the genus Agaricus
070959 Other
070960 Fruits of the genus Capsicum or of the genus Pimenta
070970 Spinach, New Zealand spinach and orache spinach (garden spinach)
070991 Globe artichokes
070993 Pumpkins, squash and gourds (Cucurbita spp.)
070999 Other
0807 Melons (including watermelons) and papaws (papayas), fresh.
080711 Watermelons
080719 Other
1209 Seeds, fruit and spores, of a kind used for sowing.
120991 Vegetable seeds
013 Fruits & nuts
0801 Coconuts, Brazil nuts and cashew nuts, fresh or dried, whether or not shelled or peeled.
080121 In shell
080131 In shell
0802 Other nuts, fresh or dried, whether or not shelled or peeled.
080221 In shell
080241 In shell
080251 In shell
080261 In shell
0806 Grapes, fresh or dried.
080610 Fresh
0807 Melons (including watermelons) and papaws (papayas), fresh.
080720 Papaws (papayas)
0808 Apples, pears and quinces, fresh.
080810 Apples
080830 Pears
0809 Apricots, cherries, peaches (including nectarines), plums and sloes, fresh.
080910 Apricots
080929 Other
080930 Peaches, including nectarines
080940 Plums and sloes
0810 Other fruit, fresh.
081010 Strawberries
081020 Raspberries, blackberries, mulberries and loganberries
081040 Cranberries, bilberries and other fruits of the genus Vaccinium
081050 Kiwifruit
081060 Durians
081070 Persimmons
081090 Other
014 Oilseeds & oleaginous fruits
0709 Other vegetables, fresh or chilled.
070992 Olives
0801 Coconuts, Brazil nuts and cashew nuts, fresh or dried, whether or not shelled or peeled.
080112 In the inner shell (endocarp)
1201 Soya beans, whether or not broken.
120190 Other
1204 Linseed, whether or not broken.
120400 Linseed, whether or not broken.
1205 Rape or colza seeds, whether or not broken.
120510 Low erucic acid rape or colza seeds
1206 Sunflower seeds, whether or not broken.
120600 Sunflower seeds, whether or not broken.
1207 Other oil seeds and oleaginous fruits, whether or not broken.
120730 Castor oil seeds
120740 Sesamum seeds
120750 Mustard seeds
120791 Poppy seeds
120799 Other
015 Edible roots & tubers with high starch or inulin content
0701 Potatoes, fresh or chilled.
070190 Other
016 Stimulant, spice & aromatic crops
0902 Tea, whether or not flavoured.
090220 Other green tea (not fermented)
090240 Other black tea (fermented) and other partly fermented tea
0903 Maté.
090300 Maté.
0905 Vanilla.
090510 Neither crushed nor ground
0906 Cinnamon and cinnamontree flowers.
090611 Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume)
090619 Other
0907 Cloves (whole fruit, cloves and stems).
090710 Neither crushed nor ground
0908 Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms.
090811 Neither crushed nor ground
090821 Neither crushed nor ground
090831 Neither crushed nor ground
0910 Ginger, saffron, turmeric (curcuma), thyme, bay leaves, curry and other spices.
091011 Neither crushed nor ground
1801 Cocoa beans, whole or broken, raw or roasted.
180100 Cocoa beans, whole or broken, raw or roasted.
017 Pulses (dried leguminous vegetables)
0713 Dried leguminous vegetables, shelled, whether or not skinned or split.
071310 Peas (Pisum sativum)
071320 Chickpeas (garbanzos)
071331 Beans of the species Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper or Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek
071332 Small red (Adzuki) beans (Phaseolus or Vigna angularis)
071333 Kidney beans, including white pea beans (Phaseolus vulgaris)
071335 Cow peas (Vigna unguiculata)
071339 Other
071340 Lentils
071350 Broad beans (Vicia faba var. major) and horse beans (Vicia faba var. equina, Vicia faba var. minor)
071390 Other
019 Forage; natural rubber; living plants; raw vegetable materials
1209 Seeds, fruit and spores, of a kind used for sowing.
120921 Lucerne (alfalfa) seeds
120922 Clover (Trifolium spp.) seeds
120923 Fescue seeds
120925 Rye grass (Lolium multiflorum Lam., Lolium perenne L.) seeds
120929 Other
120930 Seeds of herbaceous plants cultivated principally for their flowers
120999 Other
1211 Plants and parts of plants (including seeds and fruits), of a kind used primarily in perfumery, in pharmacy or for insecticidal, fungicidal or similar purposes, fresh or dried, whether or not cut, crushed or powdered.
121120 Ginseng roots
121190 Other
1214 Swedes, mangolds, fodder roots, hay, lucerne (alfalfa), clover, sainfoin, forage kale, lupines, vetches and similar forage products, whether or not in the form of pellets.
121490 Other
023 Eggs of hens or other birds in shell, fresh
0407 Birds' eggs, in shell, fresh, preserved or cooked.
040719 Other
040721 Of fowls of the species Gallus domesticus
029 Other animal products
0409 Natural honey.
040900 Natural honey.
0410 Edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included.
041000 Edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included.
1521 Vegetable waxes (other than triglycerides), beeswax, other insect waxes and spermaceti, whether or not refined or coloured.
152190 Other
1605 Crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates, prepared or preserved.
160558 Snails, other than sea snails
032 Non-wood forest products
0802 Other nuts, fresh or dried, whether or not shelled or peeled.
080290 Other
042 Fish live, fresh or chilled for human consumption
0302 Fish, fresh or chilled, excluding fish fillets and other fish meat of heading 03.04.
030211 Trout (Salmo trutta, Oncorhynchus mykiss, Oncorhynchus clarki, Oncorhynchus aguabonita, Oncorhynchus gilae, Oncorhynchus apache and Oncorhynchus chrysogaster)
030213 Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha, Oncorhynchus keta, Oncorhynchus tschawytscha, Oncorhynchus kisutch, Oncorhynchus masou and Oncorhynchus rhodurus)
030214 Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and Danube salmon (Hucho hucho)
030221 Halibut (Reinhardtius hippoglossoides, Hippoglossus hippoglossus, Hippoglossus stenolepis)
030223 Sole (Solea spp.)
030229 Other
030231 Albacore or longfinned tunas (Thunnus alalunga)
030232 Yellowfin tunas (Thunnus albacares)
030234 Bigeye tunas (Thunnus obesus)
030235 Atlantic and Pacific bluefin tunas (Thunnus thynnus, Thunnus orientalis)
030241 Herrings (Clupea harengus, Clupea pallasii)
030245 Jack and horse mackerel (Trachurus spp.)
030246 Cobia (Rachycentron canadum)
030247 Swordfish (Xiphias gladius)
030251 Cod (Gadus morhua, Gadus ogac, Gadus macrocephalus)
030252 Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus)
030253 Coalfish (Pollachius virens)
030254 Hake (Merluccius spp., Urophycis spp.)
030255 Alaska Pollack (Theragra chalcogramma)
030259 Other
030283 Toothfish (Dissostichus spp.)
030284 Seabass (Dicentrarchus spp.)
030285 Seabream (Sparidae)
030289 Other
211 Meat & meat products
0201 Meat of bovine animals, fresh or chilled.
020110 Carcasses and halfcarcasses
020120 Other cuts with bone in
020130 Boneless
0202 Meat of bovine animals, frozen.
020220 Other cuts with bone in
020230 Boneless
0203 Meat of swine, fresh, chilled or frozen.
020312 Hams, shoulders and cuts thereof, with bone in
020319 Other
020322 Hams, shoulders and cuts thereof, with bone in
020329 Other
0204 Meat of sheep or goats, fresh, chilled or frozen.
020422 Other cuts with bone in
020423 Boneless
020430 Carcasses and halfcarcasses of lamb, frozen
020441 Carcasses and halfcarcasses
020442 Other cuts with bone in
020443 Boneless
020450 Meat of goats
0206 Edible offal of bovine animals, swine, sheep, goats, horses, asses, mules or hinnies, fresh, chilled or frozen.
020610 Of bovine animals, fresh or chilled
020621 Tongues
020629 Other
020630 Of swine, fresh or chilled
020649 Other
020690 Other, frozen
0207 Meat and edible offal, of the poultry of heading 01.05, fresh, chilled or frozen.
020711 Not cut in pieces, fresh or chilled
020712 Not cut in pieces, frozen
020713 Cuts and offal, fresh or chilled
020714 Cuts and offal, frozen
020726 Cuts and offal, fresh or chilled
020727 Cuts and offal, frozen
020742 Not cut in pieces, frozen
020745 Other, frozen
0208 Other meat and edible meat offal, fresh, chilled or frozen.
020810 Of rabbits or hares
020890 Other
1602 Other prepared or preserved meat, meat offal or blood.
160220 Of liver of any animal
160231 Of turkeys
160232 Of fowls of the species Gallus domesticus
160239 Other
160241 Hams and cuts thereof
160242 Shoulders and cuts thereof
160249 Other, including mixtures
160250 Of bovine animals
1603 Extracts and juices of meat, fish or crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates.
160300 Extracts and juices of meat, fish or crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates.
212 Prepared & preserved fish, crustaceans, molluscs
0303 Fish, frozen, excluding fish fillets and other fish meat of heading 03.04.
030311 Sockeye salmon (red salmon) (Oncorhynchus nerka)
030312 Other Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha, Oncorhynchus keta, Oncorhynchus tschawytscha, Oncorhynchus kisutch, Oncorhynchus masou and Oncorhynchus rhodurus)
030313 Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and Danube salmon (Hucho hucho)
030314 Trout (Salmo trutta, Oncorhynchus mykiss, Oncorhynchus clarki, Oncorhynchus aguabonita, Oncorhynchus gilae, Oncorhynchus apache and Oncorhynchus chrysogaster)
030323 Tilapias (Oreochromis spp.)
030324 Catfish (Pangasius spp., Silurus spp., Clarias spp., Ictalurus spp.)
030326 Eels (Anguilla spp.)
030331 Halibut (Reinhardtius hippoglossoides, Hippoglossus hippoglossus, Hippoglossus stenolepis)
030333 Sole (Solea spp.)
030341 Albacore or longfinned tunas (Thunnus alalunga)
030342 Yellowfin tunas (Thunnus albacares)
030346 Southern bluefin tunas (Thunnus maccoyii)
030351 Herrings (Clupea harengus, Clupea pallasii)
030353 Sardines (Sardina pilchardus, Sardinops spp.), sardinella (Sardinella spp.), brisling or sprats (Sprattus sprattus)
030354 Mackerel (Scomber scombrus, Scomber australasicus, Scomber japonicus)
030357 Swordfish (Xiphias gladius)
030364 Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus)
030366 Hake (Merluccius spp., Urophycis spp.)
030367 Alaska Pollack (Theragra chalcogramma)
030381 Dogfish and other sharks
030382 Rays and skates (Rajidae)
030383 Toothfish (Dissostichus spp.)
030389 Other
030390 Livers and roes
0304 Fish fillets and other fish meat (whether or not minced), fresh, chilled or frozen.
030431 Tilapias (Oreochromis spp.)
030432 Catfish (Pangasius spp., Silurus spp., Clarias spp., Ictalurus spp.)
030433 Nile Perch (Lates niloticus)
030441 Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha, Oncorhynchus keta, Oncorhynchus tschawytscha, Oncorhynchus kisutch, Oncorhynchus masou and Oncorhynchus rhodurus), Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and Danube salmon (Huchohucho)
030442 Trout (Salmo trutta, Oncorhynchus mykiss, Oncorhynchus clarki, Oncorhynchus aguabonita, Oncorhynchus gilae, Oncorhynchus apache and Oncorhynchus chrysogaster)
030443 Flat fish (Pleuronectidae, Bothidae, Cynoglossidae, Soleidae, Scophthalmidae and Citharidae)
030444 Fish of the families Bregmacerotidae, Euclichthyidae, Gadidae, Macrouridae, Melanonidae, Merlucciidae, Moridae and Muraenolepididae
030449 Other
030452 Salmonidae
030453 Fish of the families Bregmacerotidae, Euclichthyidae, Gadidae, Macrouridae, Melanonidae, Merlucciidae, Moridae and Muraenolepididae
030459 Other
030461 Tilapias (Oreochromis spp.)
030462 Catfish (Pangasius spp., Silurus spp., Clarias spp., Ictalurus spp.)
030469 Other
030471 Cod (Gadus morhua, Gadus ogac, Gadus macrocephalus)
030472 Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus)
030473 Coalfish (Pollachius virens)
030474 Hake (Merluccius spp., Urophycis spp.)
030475 Alaska Pollack (Theragra chalcogramma)
030479 Other
030481 Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha, Oncorhynchus keta, Oncorhynchus tschawytscha, Oncorhynchus kisutch, Oncorhynchus masou and Oncorhynchus rhodurus), Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and Danube salmon (Huchohucho)
030482 Trout (Salmo trutta, Oncorhynchus mykiss, Oncorhynchus clarki, Oncorhynchus aguabonita, Oncorhynchus gilae, Oncorhynchus apache and Oncorhynchus chrysogaster)
030483 Flat fish (Pleuronectidae, Bothidae, Cynoglossidae, Soleidae, Scophthalmidae and Citharidae)
030484 Swordfish (Xiphias gladius)
030485 Toothfish (Dissostichus spp.)
030486 Herrings (Clupea harengus, Clupea pallasii)
030487 Tunas (of the genus Thunnus), skipjack or stripebellied bonito (Euthynnus (Katsuwonus) pelamis)
030489 Other
030492 Toothfish (Dissostichus spp.)
030495 Fish of the families Bregmacerotidae, Euclichthyidae, Gadidae, Macrouridae, Melanonidae, Merlucciidae, Moridae and Muraenolepididae, other than Alaska Pollack (Theragra chalcogramma)
030499 Other
1605 Crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates, prepared or preserved.
160521 Not in airtight container
160529 Other
160530 Lobster
160540 Other crustaceans
160551 Oysters
160552 Scallops, including queen scallops
160553 Mussels
160554 Cuttle fish and squid
160555 Octopus
160556 Clams, cockles and arkshells
160557 Abalone
160559 Other
160561 Sea cucumbers
160569 Other
213 Prepared & preserved vegetables, pulses & potatoes
0710 Vegetables (uncooked or cooked by steaming or boiling in water), frozen.
071021 Peas (Pisum sativum)
071022 Beans (Vigna spp., Phaseolus spp.)
071029 Other
071030 Spinach, New Zealand spinach and orache spinach (garden spinach)
071040 Sweet corn
071080 Other vegetables
071090 Mixtures of vegetables
0711 Vegetables provisionally preserved (for example, by sulphur dioxide gas, in brine, in sulphur water or in other preservative solutions), but unsuitable in that state for immediate consumption.
071120 Olives
071140 Cucumbers and gherkins
071190 Other vegetables; mixtures of vegetables
0712 Dried vegetables, whole, cut, sliced, broken or in powder, but not further prepared.
071220 Onions
071231 Mushrooms of the genus Agaricus
071239 Other
071290 Other vegetables; mixtures of vegetables
1105 Flour, meal, powder, flakes, granules and pellets of potatoes.
110510 Flour, meal and powder
110520 Flakes, granules and pellets
2001 Vegetables, fruit, nuts and other edible parts of plants, prepared or preserved by vinegar or acetic acid.
200110 Cucumbers and gherkins
2002 Tomatoes prepared or preserved otherwise than by vinegar or acetic acid.
200210 Tomatoes, whole or in pieces
200290 Other
2003 Mushrooms and truffles, prepared or preserved otherwise than by vinegar or acetic acid.
200310 Mushrooms of the genus Agaricus
200390 Other
2004 Other vegetables prepared or preserved otherwise than by vinegar or acetic acid, frozen, other than products of heading 20.06.
200410 Potatoes
200490 Other vegetables and mixtures of vegetables
2005 Other vegetables prepared or preserved otherwise than by vinegar or acetic acid, not frozen, other than products of heading 20.06.
200520 Potatoes
200540 Peas (Pisum sativum)
200551 Beans, shelled
200559 Other
200560 Asparagus
200570 Olives
200580 Sweet corn (Zea mays var. saccharata)
200591 Bamboo shoots
200599 Other
2009 Fruit juices (including grape must) and vegetable juices, unfermented and not containing added spirit, whether or not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter.
200950 Tomato juice
214 Prepared & preserved fruits & nuts
0801 Coconuts, Brazil nuts and cashew nuts, fresh or dried, whether or not shelled or peeled.
080111 Desiccated
080119 Other
080122 Shelled
080132 Shelled
0802 Other nuts, fresh or dried, whether or not shelled or peeled.
080212 Shelled
080222 Shelled
080232 Shelled
080242 Shelled
080262 Shelled
080270 Kola nuts (Cola spp.)
0803 Bananas, including plantains, fresh or dried.
080310 Plantains
080390 Other
0804 Dates, figs, pineapples, avocados, guavas, mangoes and mangosteens, fresh or dried.
080410 Dates
080430 Pineapples
080440 Avocados
080450 Guavas, mangoes and mangosteens
0805 Citrus fruit, fresh or dried.
080510 Oranges
080520 Mandarins (including tangerines and satsumas); clementines, wilkings and similar citrus hybrids
080540 Grapefruit, including pomelos
080550 Lemons (Citrus limon, Citrus limonum) and limes (Citrus aurantifolia, Citrus latifolia)
0806 Grapes, fresh or dried.
080620 Dried
0811 Fruit and nuts, uncooked or cooked by steaming or boiling in water, frozen, whether or not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter.
081110 Strawberries
081120 Raspberries, blackberries, mulberries, loganberries, black, white or red currants and gooseberries
081190 Other
0812 Fruit and nuts, provisionally preserved (for example, by sulphur dioxide gas, in brine, in sulphur water or in other preservative solutions), but unsuitable in that state for immediate consumption.
081210 Cherries
1202 Groundnuts, not roasted or otherwise cooked, whether or not shelled or broken.
120242 Shelled, whether or not broken
2001 Vegetables, fruit, nuts and other edible parts of plants, prepared or preserved by vinegar or acetic acid.
200190 Other
2007 Jams, fruit jellies, marmalades, fruit or nut purée and fruit or nut pastes, obtained by cooking, whether or not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter.
200791 Citrus fruit
200799 Other
2008 Fruit, nuts and other edible parts of plants, otherwise prepared or preserved, whether or not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter or spirit, not elsewhere specified or included.
200811 Groundnuts
200819 Other, including mixtures
200820 Pineapples
200830 Citrus fruit
200840 Pears
200860 Cherries
200870 Peaches, including nectarines
200880 Strawberries
200891 Palm hearts
200893 Cranberries (Vaccinium macrocarpon, Vaccinium oxycoccos, Vaccinium vitisidaea)
200897 Mixtures
200899 Other
2009 Fruit juices (including grape must) and vegetable juices, unfermented and not containing added spirit, whether or not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter.
200911 Frozen
200912 Not frozen, of a Brix value not exceeding 20
200919 Other
200931 Of a Brix value not exceeding 20
200939 Other
200941 Of a Brix value not exceeding 20
200949 Other
200961 Of a Brix value not exceeding 30
200969 Other
200971 Of a Brix value not exceeding 20
200979 Other
200981 Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon, Vaccinium oxycoccos, Vaccinium vitisidaea) juice
200989 Other
200990 Mixtures of juices
215 Animal fats
0209 Pig fat, free of lean meat, and poultry fat, not rendered or otherwise extracted, fresh, chilled, frozen, salted, in brine, dried or smoked.
020910 Of pigs
1501 Pig fat (including lard) and poultry fat, other than that of heading 02.09 or 15.03.
150120 Other pig fat
1502 Fats of bovine animals, sheep or goats, other than those of heading 15.03.
150210 Tallow
1504 Fats and oils and their fractions, of fish or marine mammals, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified.
150410 Fishliver oils and their fractions
150420 Fats and oils and their fractions, of fish, other than liver oils
1505 Wool grease and fatty substances derived therefrom (including lanolin).
150500 Wool grease and fatty substances derived therefrom (including lanolin).
1506 Other animal fats and oils and their fractions, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified.
150600 Other animal fats and oils and their fractions, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified.
1516 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their fractions, partly or wholly hydrogenated, interesterified, reesterified or elaidinised, whether or not refined, but not further prepared.
151610 Animal fats and oils and their fractions
216 Vegetable oils
1507 Soyabean oil and its fractions, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified.
150710 Crude oil, whether or not degummed
150790 Other
1508 Groundnut oil and its fractions, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified.
150810 Crude oil
1509 Olive oil and its fractions, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified.
150910 Virgin
150990 Other
1510 Other oils and their fractions, obtained solely from olives, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified, including blends of these oils or fractions with oils or fractions of heading 15.09.
151000 Other oils and their fractions, obtained solely from olives, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified, including blends of these oils or fractions with oils or fractions of heading 15.09.
1511 Palm oil and its fractions, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified.
151190 Other
1512 Sunflowerseed, safflower or cottonseed oil and fractions thereof, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified.
151211 Crude oil
151219 Other
1513 Coconut (copra), palm kernel or babassu oil and fractions thereof, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified.
151311 Crude oil
151319 Other
151321 Crude oil
151329 Other
1514 Rape, colza or mustard oil and fractions thereof, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified.
151411 Crude oil
151419 Other
151491 Crude oil
151499 Other
1515 Other fixed vegetable fats and oils (including jojoba oil) and their fractions, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified.
151511 Crude oil
151519 Other
151529 Other
151530 Castor oil and its fractions
151550 Sesame oil and its fractions
151590 Other
1516 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their fractions, partly or wholly hydrogenated, interesterified, reesterified or elaidinised, whether or not refined, but not further prepared.
151620 Vegetable fats and oils and their fractions
219 Oil-cake; flours & meals of oil seeds; vegetable waxes; etc.
1208 Flours and meals of oil seeds or oleaginous fruits, other than those of mustard.
120810 Of soya beans
120890 Other
1521 Vegetable waxes (other than triglycerides), beeswax, other insect waxes and spermaceti, whether or not refined or coloured.
152110 Vegetable waxes
2304 Oilcake and other solid residues, whether or not ground or in the form of pellets, resulting from the extraction of soyabean oil.
230400 Oilcake and other solid residues, whether or not ground or in the form of pellets, resulting from the extraction of soyabean oil.
2305 Oilcake and other solid residues, whether or not ground or in the form of pellets, resulting from the extraction of groundnut oil.
230500 Oilcake and other solid residues, whether or not ground or in the form of pellets, resulting from the extraction of groundnut oil.
2306 Oilcake and other solid residues, whether or not ground or in the form of pellets, resulting from the extraction of vegetable fats or oils, other than those of heading 23.04 or 23.05.
230620 Of linseed
230641 Of low erucic acid rape or colza seeds
230690 Other
221 Processed liquid milk, cream & whey
0401 Milk and cream, not concentrated nor containing added sugar or other sweetening matter.
040120 Of a fat content, by weight, exceeding 1 % but not exceeding 6 %
040150 Of a fat content, by weight, exceeding 10 %
222 Other dairy products
0402 Milk and cream, concentrated or containing added sugar or other sweetening matter.
040221 Not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter
040229 Other
040291 Not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter
040299 Other
0403 Buttermilk, curdled milk and cream, yogurt, kephir and other fermented or acidified milk and cream, whether or not concentrated or containing added sugar or other sweetening matter or flavoured or containing added fruit, nuts or cocoa.
040310 Yogurt
040390 Other
0406 Cheese and curd.
040610 Fresh (unripened or uncured) cheese, including whey cheese, and curd
040630 Processed cheese, not grated or powdered
040640 Blueveined cheese and other cheese containing veins produced by Penicillium roqueforti
040690 Other cheese
2105 Ice cream and other edible ice, whether or not containing cocoa.
210500 Ice cream and other edible ice, whether or not containing cocoa.
231 Grain mill products
1006 Rice.
100620 Husked (brown) rice
100630 Semimilled or wholly milled rice, whether or not polished or glazed
100640 Broken rice
1101 Wheat or meslin flour.
110100 Wheat or meslin flour.
1102 Cereal flours other than of wheat or meslin.
110220 Maize (corn) flour
110290 Other
1103 Cereal groats, meal and pellets.
110311 Of wheat
110313 Of maize (corn)
110319 Of other cereals
110320 Pellets
1106 Flour, meal and powder of the dried leguminous vegetables of heading 07.13, of sago or of roots or tubers of heading 07.14 or of the products of Chapter 8.
110610 Of the dried leguminous vegetables of heading 07.13
110620 Of sago or of roots or tubers of heading 07.14
232 Starches & starch products; sugars & sugar syrups n.e.c.
1109 Wheat gluten, whether or not dried.
110900 Wheat gluten, whether or not dried.
1903 Tapioca and substitutes therefor prepared from starch, in the form of flakes, grains, pearls, siftings or in similar forms.
190300 Tapioca and substitutes therefor prepared from starch, in the form of flakes, grains, pearls, siftings or in similar forms.
233 Preparations used in animal feeding; lucerne meal & pellets
1214 Swedes, mangolds, fodder roots, hay, lucerne (alfalfa), clover, sainfoin, forage kale, lupines, vetches and similar forage products, whether or not in the form of pellets.
121410 Lucerne (alfalfa) meal and pellets
2309 Preparations of a kind used in animal feeding.
230910 Dog or cat food, put up for retail sale
230990 Other
235 Sugar & molasses
1701 Cane or beet sugar and chemically pure sucrose, in solid form.
170113 Cane sugar specified in Subheading Note 2 to this Chapter
170114 Other cane sugar
170191 Containing added flavouring or colouring matter
170199 Other
1703 Molasses resulting from the extraction or refining of sugar.
170310 Cane molasses
170390 Other
236 Cocoa, chocolate & sugar confectionery
1704 Sugar confectionery (including white chocolate), not containing cocoa.
170410 Chewing gum, whether or not sugarcoated
170490 Other
1803 Cocoa paste, whether or not defatted.
180310 Not defatted
180320 Wholly or partly defatted
1804 Cocoa butter, fat and oil.
180400 Cocoa butter, fat and oil.
1805 Cocoa powder, not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter.
180500 Cocoa powder, not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter.
1806 Chocolate and other food preparations containing cocoa.
180610 Cocoa powder, containing added sugar or other sweetening matter
180620 Other preparations in blocks, slabs or bars weighing more than 2 kg or in liquid, paste, powder, granular or other bulk form in containers or immediate packings, of a content exceeding 2 kg
180631 Filled
180632 Not filled
180690 Other
2006 Vegetables, fruit, nuts, fruitpeel and other parts of plants, preserved by sugar (drained, glacé or crystallised).
200600 Vegetables, fruit, nuts, fruitpeel and other parts of plants, preserved by sugar (drained, glacé or crystallised).
239 Food products n.e.c.
0408 Birds' eggs, not in shell, and egg yolks, fresh, dried, cooked by steaming or by boiling in water, moulded, frozen or otherwise preserved, whether or not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter.
040819 Other
040899 Other
0902 Tea, whether or not flavoured.
090210 Green tea (not fermented) in immediate packings of a content not exceeding 3 kg
090230 Black tea (fermented) and partly fermented tea, in immediate packings of a content not exceeding 3 kg
0906 Cinnamon and cinnamontree flowers.
090620 Crushed or ground
0908 Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms.
090812 Crushed or ground
0910 Ginger, saffron, turmeric (curcuma), thyme, bay leaves, curry and other spices.
091012 Crushed or ground
091020 Saffron
091030 Turmeric (curcuma)
091091 Mixtures referred to in Note 1 (b) to this Chapter
091099 Other
2005 Other vegetables prepared or preserved otherwise than by vinegar or acetic acid, not frozen, other than products of heading 20.06.
200510 Homogenised vegetables
2007 Jams, fruit jellies, marmalades, fruit or nut purée and fruit or nut pastes, obtained by cooking, whether or not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter.
200710 Homogenised preparations
2106 Food preparations not elsewhere specified or included.
210610 Protein concentrates and textured protein substances
210690 Other
2209 Vinegar and substitutes for vinegar obtained from acetic acid.
220900 Vinegar and substitutes for vinegar obtained from acetic acid.
242 Wines
2205 Vermouth and other wine of fresh grapes flavoured with plants or aromatic substances.
220510 In containers holding 2 l or less
243 Malt liquors & malt
1107 Malt, whether or not roasted.
110710 Not roasted
110720 Roasted
2203 Beer made from malt.
220300 Beer made from malt.
244 Soft drinks; bottled mineral waters
2202 Waters, including mineral waters and aerated waters, containing added sugar or other sweetening matter or flavoured, and other nonalcoholic beverages, not including fruit or vegetable juices of heading 20.09.
220210 Waters, including mineral waters and aerated waters, containing added sugar or other sweetening matter or flavoured
220290 Other
250 Tobacco products
2402 Cigars, cheroots, cigarillos and cigarettes, of tobacco or of tobacco substitutes.
240210 Cigars, cheroots and cigarillos, containing tobacco
240220 Cigarettes containing tobacco
391 Wastes from food & tobacco industry
2302 Bran, sharps and other residues, whether or not in the form of pellets, derived from the sifting, milling or other working of cereals or of leguminous plants.
230230 Of wheat
230240 Of other cereals
230250 Of leguminous plants
2303 Residues of starch manufacture and similar residues, beetpulp, bagasse and other waste of sugar manufacture, brewing or distilling dregs and waste, whether or not in the form of pellets.
230310 Residues of starch manufacture and similar residues
230330 Brewing or distilling dregs and waste
2308 Vegetable materials and vegetable waste, vegetable residues and byproducts, whether or not in the form of pellets, of a kind used in animal feeding, not elsewhere specified or included.
230800 Vegetable materials and vegetable waste, vegetable residues and byproducts, whether or not in the form of pellets, of a kind used in animal feeding, not elsewhere specified or included.

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