ANNOUNCED AS TEMPORARYNo
Sanitary and phytosanitary measure
The (U.S.) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has published a notice in the Federal Register (December 2, 2010, Vol.75 No.231) in which it proposes to amend the regulations for the importation of unmanufactured wood articles to remove the exemption that allows wood packaging material from Canada to enter the United States without first meeting the treatment and marking requirements of the regulations that apply to wood packaging material from all other countries. APHIS believes that this action is necessary in order to prevent the dissemination and spread of pests via wood packaging material from Canada.
The regulations in Subpart-Logs, Lumber, and Other Unmanufactured Wood Articles (7 CFR 319.40-1 through 319.40-11, restrict the importation of many types of wood articles, including items such as pallets, crates, boxes, and pieces of wood used to support and brace cargo. These types of articles are known as wood packaging materials (WPM). Canada has been exempted from the more demanding treatment methods required of all other raw wood packing materials entering the United States.
Currently, section 319.40-3(a) provides a general permit that authorizes the importation of certain unmanufactured wood articles, including WPM, into the United States from Canada. A general permit means the written authorization provided in Section 319.40-3; no separate, specific permit is required. Under a general permit, unmanufactured wood articles from Canada may be imported into the United States provided they are accompanied by an importer document stating that the articles are derived from trees harvested in, and have never been moved outside of, Canada, and subject to the inspection and other requirements in section 319.40-9. Currently, paragraph (b) of section 319.40-3 of the regulations lists the IPPC requirements, which include either heat treatment or fumigation with methyl bromide and the proper marking of all treated materials with the approved IPPC symbol and specific control numbers.
The agency has now decided that some pests may be found in Canada but are not yet in the United States. Furthermore, some WPM may not actually originate in Canada, according to APHIS.
The deadline for comments on the proposed action is January 31, 2011.
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