IMPLEMENTATION LEVEL

National

AFFECTED FLOW

Inflow

ANNOUNCED AS TEMPORARY

No

NON-TRADE-RELATED RATIONALE

No

ELIGIBLE FIRMS

all

JUMBO

No

TARIFF PEAK

No
← back to the state act
Inception date: 22 Jan 2009 | Removal date: 22 Jan 2010
Still in force

Import tariff

status quo
In June 2009 members of the WTO balance-of-payments committee and Ecuador reached an agreement on Ecuador's import restrictions after two rounds of consultations. 
 
the beginning - reduce current account deficit through higher tariffs and lower quotas
In January 2009 Ecuador announced a series of stiff import restrictions on 630 tariff lines, affecting 8.7 percent of its 'tariff universe' and 23 percent of the volume of imports. Duties were raised on 369 tariff lines and quota restrictions imposed on 271 others for a one-year period. They cover products ranging from processed foods and shoes to cars, mobile phones and sunglasses, as well as many other goods that can be manufactured in Ecuador.
 
Ecuardor's justification 
Ecuador insisted that the measures it proposed were necessary to balance its widening current account deficit. GATT Article XVIII allows developing countries to impose temporary import controls to 'forestall the imminent threat of, or to stop, a serious decline in its monetary reserves; or, in the case of 'a Member' with very low monetary reserves, to achieve a reasonable rate of increase in its reserves.' The measures must be notified to the WTO, and the country imposing them must hold consultations with other Members in the Committee on Balance-of-Payments Restrictions. The committee met in April to consider Ecuador's request for a one-year waiver for the measures adopted in January, but failed to reach agreement. 
 
Third parties claimed that Ecuador should reduce government spending
Members did not dispute that Ecuador was indeed experiencing balance-of-payments difficulties. In its WTO notification, Ecuador said its trade deficit was likely to rise to US$3.5 billion by the end of the year (WT/BOP/N/65/Rev.1). The IMF confirmed that Ecuador's external environment had deteriorated sharply since August 2008, and projected a further deterioration of external accounts until 2010. However, the US, Canada and the EU said in April that Ecuador should have tried other means, such as spending cuts, to balance its budget before instituting import quotas. Members most affected by the import curbs - Colombia, Panama, the EU and South Korea--also complained that the measures targeted particular products and sectors of export interest to them. Colombia had seen its exports drop by 42 percent since the impositio of the quotas. 
 
Compromise between Ecuador and third parties
Lengthy consultations in early June, however, produced a compromise. Ecuador agreed to convert most of the import quotas into tariffs by 1 September. It also promised to reassess the measures and to terminate them early if its balance-of-payment situation improves. 
 
Measures taken 
The safeguards apply to imports from all countries - including those that have negotiated free trade deals with Ecuador - for one full calendar year. 
Subsequently, on 6 October 2009, The Council for Trade and Investment (Consejo de Comercio Exterior e Inversiones, COMEXI) issued Resolution # 524 with the following measures:
Article 1.- To reduce the tariff surcharges from 12% to 9%, stablished by the safeguards to the balance of payment (Resolution 487 of Comexi) applied to vehicles, classified in the subitems:
8703.23.90.90,8703.22.90.90, 8703.23.10.90, 8703.24.10.90, 8703.23.90.90, 8703.21.00.90, 8703.33.10.90, 8703.32.10.90, 8703.22.10.90, 8703.33.90.90.
Except the subitem: 8703.32.90.90.
Article 2.- To eliminate the tariff surcharges of 12% stablished by the safeguards to the blance of payment (Resolution 487 of Comexi) applied to load vehicles and wark vehicles classified in the following subitems:
8702.10.90.90, 8702.10.10.90, 8704.31.10.90, 8704.23.00.90, 8704.21.10.90, 8704.22.20.90, 8704.22.10.90, 8704.21.90.90, 8706.00.92.90, 8706.00.99.90, 8705.90.90.00, 8703.31.90.90.
Except the subitem: 8704.22.90.90 and 8704.10.00.9
 
 
Further developments
Abolition
By means of Resolution # 533 of COMEXI, published in the Official Record # 109 of 15 January 2010, the tariff surcharges established due to the safeguard for balance of payment was reduced to 10%.
 
On 03 February 2010, COMEXI received the report, suggesting to establish a calendar of tax relief of the safeguard measure for balance of payment and monitoring its evolution.
 
Therefore The Council for Trade and Investment, COMEXI, resolvedto issued the Resolution # 549 (on 03 February 2010), to stablish a chronology as follows:
a) Begining on 23 March 2010, the percentage of reduction will be of 40%.
b) Begining on 23 May 2010, the percentage of reduction will be increased to 30%, therefore it will reach 70%.
c) Begining on 23 July 2010, the percentage of reduction will increase another 30%, completing the 100% foreseen.
 
This calendar will be implemented based on the monthly assessments of the balance of payment performance, which will be presented by the Ad-Hoc Group of COMEXI to the Board.
 
The reduction of the tariff surcharges will be applied by considering the date of the shipment of the import merchandise subject to this measure.
 

AFFECTED COUNTRIES

MAP
TABLE
EXPORT

AFFECTED SECTORS AND PRODUCTS

013 Fruits & nuts
0806 Grapes, fresh or dried.
080610 Fresh
0808 Apples, pears and quinces, fresh.
080810 Apples
080830 Pears
211 Meat & meat products
0203 Meat of swine, fresh, chilled or frozen.
020322 Hams, shoulders and cuts thereof, with bone in
020329 Other
213 Prepared & preserved vegetables, pulses & potatoes
2002 Tomatoes prepared or preserved otherwise than by vinegar or acetic acid.
200290 Other
2004 Other vegetables prepared or preserved otherwise than by vinegar or acetic acid, frozen, other than products of heading 20.06.
200410 Potatoes
214 Prepared & preserved fruits & nuts
0806 Grapes, fresh or dried.
080620 Dried
2008 Fruit, nuts and other edible parts of plants, otherwise prepared or preserved, whether or not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter or spirit, not elsewhere specified or included.
200819 Other, including mixtures
200870 Peaches, including nectarines
200897 Mixtures
231 Grain mill products
1104 Cereal grains otherwise worked (for example, hulled, rolled, flaked, pearled, sliced or kibbled), except rice of heading 10.06; germ of cereals, whole, rolled, flaked or ground.
110412 Of oats
1904 Prepared foods obtained by the swelling or roasting of cereals or cereal products (for example, corn flakes); cereals (other than maize (corn)) in grain form or in the form of flakes or other worked grains (except flour, groats and meal), precooked, or o
190410 Prepared foods obtained by the swelling or roasting of cereals or cereal products
233 Preparations used in animal feeding; lucerne meal & pellets
2309 Preparations of a kind used in animal feeding.
230910 Dog or cat food, put up for retail sale
230990 Other
234 Bakery products
1905 Bread, pastry, cakes, biscuits and other bakers' wares, whether or not containing cocoa; communion wafers, empty cachets of a kind suitable for pharmaceutical use, sealing wafers, rice paper and similar products.
190531 Sweet biscuits
190532 Waffles and wafers
237 Macaroni, noodles, couscous & similar farinaceous products
1902 Pasta, whether or not cooked or stuffed (with meat or other substances) or otherwise prepared, such as spaghetti, macaroni, noodles, lasagne, gnocchi, ravioli, cannelloni; couscous, whether or not prepared.
190219 Other
239 Food products n.e.c.
1901 Malt extract; food preparations of flour, groats, meal, starch or malt extract, not containing cocoa or containing less than 40 % by weight of cocoa calculated on a totally defatted basis, not elsewhere specified or included; food preparations of goods of
190110 Preparations for infant use, put up for retail sale
190190 Other
1905 Bread, pastry, cakes, biscuits and other bakers' wares, whether or not containing cocoa; communion wafers, empty cachets of a kind suitable for pharmaceutical use, sealing wafers, rice paper and similar products.
190590 Other
2101 Extracts, essences and concentrates, of coffee, tea or maté and preparations with a basis of these products or with a basis of coffee, tea or maté; roasted chicory and other roasted coffee substitutes, and extracts, essences and concentrates thereof.
210111 Extracts, essences and concentrates
210112 Preparations with a basis of extracts, essences or concentrates or with a basis of coffee
2104 Soups and broths and preparations therefor; homogenised composite food preparations.
210410 Soups and broths and preparations therefor
2106 Food preparations not elsewhere specified or included.
210690 Other
244 Soft drinks; bottled mineral waters
2202 Waters, including mineral waters and aerated waters, containing added sugar or other sweetening matter or flavoured, and other nonalcoholic beverages, not including fruit or vegetable juices of heading 20.09.
220290 Other
271 Made-up textile articles
9404 Mattress supports; articles of bedding and similar furnishing (for example, mattresses, quilts, eiderdowns, cushions, pouffes and pillows) fitted with springs or stuffed or internally fitted with any material or of cellular rubber or plastics, whether or
940490 Other
272 Carpets & other textile floor coverings
5703 Carpets and other textile floor coverings, tufted, whether or not made up.
570330 Of other manmade textile materials
282 Wearing apparel, except fur apparel
3926 Other articles of plastics and articles of other materials of headings 39.01 to 39.14.
392620 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories (including gloves, mittens and mitts)
292 Luggage & handbags; saddlery & harness; other leather articles
4202 Trunks, suitcases, vanitycases, executivecases, briefcases, school satchels, spectacle cases, binocular cases, camera cases, musical instrument cases, gun cases, holsters and similar containers; travellingbags, insulated food or beverages bags, toile
420212 With outer surface of plastics or of textile materials
420222 With outer surface of plastic sheeting or of textile materials
420292 With outer surface of plastic sheeting or of textile materials
420299 Other
321 Pulp, paper & paperboard
4818 Toilet paper and similar paper, cellulose wadding or webs of cellulose fibres, of a kind used for household or sanitary purposes, in rolls of a width not exceeding 36 cm, or cut to size or shape; handkerchiefs, cleansing tissues, towels, tablecloths, serv
481810 Toilet paper
481820 Handkerchiefs, cleansing or facial tissues and towels
481830 Tablecloths and serviettes
481890 Other
322 Books, in print
4901 Printed books, brochures, leaflets and similar printed matter, whether or not in single sheets.
490110 In single sheets, whether or not folded
490191 Dictionaries and encyclopaedias, and serial instalments thereof
490199 Other
324 Newspapers & periodicals, other than daily, in print
4902 Newspapers, journals and periodicals, whether or not illustrated or containing advertising material.
490290 Other
326 Stamps, banknotes, stock certificates, brochures & leaflets
4907 Unused postage, revenue or similar stamps of current or new issue in the country in which they have, or will have, a recognised face value; stampimpressed paper; banknotes; cheque forms; stock, share or bond certificates and similar documents of title.
490700 Unused postage, revenue or similar stamps of current or new issue in the country in which they have, or will have, a recognised face value; stampimpressed paper; banknotes; cheque forms; stock, share or bond certificates and similar documents of title.
4911 Other printed matter, including printed pictures and photographs.
491110 Trade advertising material, commercial catalogues and the like
491199 Other
327 Registers, notebooks, diaries & similar articles
4820 Registers, account books, note books, order books, receipt books, letter pads, memorandum pads, diaries and similar articles, exercise books, blottingpads, binders (looseleaf or other), folders, file covers, manifold business forms, interleaved carbon s
482010 Registers, account books, note books, order books, receipt books, letter pads, memorandum pads, diaries and similar articles
482020 Exercise books
353 Soap, cleaning preparations, perfumes & toilet preparations
3303 Perfumes and toilet waters.
330300 Perfumes and toilet waters.
3305 Preparations for use on the hair.
330510 Shampoos
330590 Other
3306 Preparations for oral or dental hygiene, including denture fixative pastes and powders; yarn used to clean between the teeth (dental floss), in individual retail packages.
330610 Dentifrices
330690 Other
3307 Preshave, shaving or aftershave preparations, personal deodorants, bath preparations, depilatories and other perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations, not elsewhere specified or included; prepared room deodorisers, whether or not perfumed or having di
330720 Personal deodorants and antiperspirants
330790 Other
3401 Soap; organic surfaceactive products and preparations for use as soap, in the form of bars, cakes, moulded pieces or shapes, whether or not containing soap; organic surfaceactive products and preparations for washing the skin, in the form of liquid or c
340111 For toilet use (including medicated products)
340119 Other
3402 Organic surfaceactive agents (other than soap); surfaceactive preparations, washing preparations (including auxiliary washing preparations) and cleaning preparations, whether or not containing soap, other than those of heading 34.01.
340213 Nonionic
340220 Preparations put up for retail sale
340290 Other
361 Rubber tyres & tubes
4011 New pneumatic tyres, of rubber.
401110 Of a kind used on motor cars (including station wagons and racing cars)
401120 Of a kind used on buses or lorries
401161 Of a kind used on agricultural or forestry vehicles and machines
401162 Of a kind used on construction or industrial handling vehicles and machines and having a rim size not exceeding 61 cm
401199 Other
364 Packaging products of plastics
3923 Articles for the conveyance or packing of goods, of plastics; stoppers, lids, caps and other closures, of plastics.
392310 Boxes, cases, crates and similar articles
392321 Of polymers of ethylene
392329 Of other plastics
392330 Carboys, bottles, flasks and similar articles
392350 Stoppers, lids, caps and other closures
392390 Other
369 Other plastics products
3924 Tableware, kitchenware, other household articles and hygienic or toilet articles, of plastics.
392410 Tableware and kitchenware
392490 Other
3926 Other articles of plastics and articles of other materials of headings 39.01 to 39.14.
392610 Office or school supplies
392640 Statuettes and other ornamental articles
392690 Other
382 Jewellery & related articles
7113 Articles of jewellery and parts thereof, of precious metal or of metal clad with precious metal.
711319 Of other precious metal, whether or not plated or clad with precious metal
711320 Of base metal clad with precious metal
384 Sports goods
9506 Articles and equipment for general physical exercise, gymnastics, athletics, other sports (including tabletennis) or outdoor games, not specified or included elsewhere in this Chapter; swimming pools and paddling pools.
950691 Articles and equipment for general physical exercise, gymnastics or athletics
950699 Other
385 Games & toys
9504 Video game consoles and machines, articles for funfair, table or parlour games, including pintables, billiards, special tables for casino games and automatic bowling alley equipment.
950490 Other
389 Other manufactured articles n.e.c.
6601 Umbrellas and sun umbrellas (including walkingstick umbrellas, garden umbrellas and similar umbrellas).
660199 Other
7117 Imitation jewellery.
711719 Other
9505 Festive, carnival or other entertainment articles, including conjuring tricks and novelty jokes.
950510 Articles for Christmas festivities
950590 Other
9603 Brooms, brushes (including brushes constituting parts of machines, appliances or vehicles), handoperated mechanical floor sweepers, not motorised, mops and feather dusters; prepared knots and tufts for broom or brush making; paint pads and rollers; squee
960321 Tooth brushes, including dentalplate brushes
9608 Ball point pens; felt tipped and other poroustipped pens and markers; fountain pens, stylograph pens and other pens; duplicating stylos; propelling or sliding pencils; penholders, pencilholders and similar holders; parts (including caps and clips) of t
960810 Ball point pens
960820 Felt tipped and other poroustipped pens and markers
9609 Pencils (other than pencils of heading 96.08), crayons, pencil leads, pastels, drawing charcoals, writing or drawing chalks and tailors' chalks.
960910 Pencils and crayons, with leads encased in a rigid sheath
429 Other fabricated metal products
7615 Table, kitchen or other household articles and parts thereof, of aluminium; pot scourers and scouring or polishing pads, gloves and the like, of aluminium; sanitary ware and parts thereof, of aluminium.
761510 Table, kitchen or other household articles and parts thereof; pot scourers and scouring or polishing pads, gloves and the like
8212 Razors and razor blades (including razor blade blanks in strips).
821210 Razors
432 Pumps, compressors, hydraulic & pneumatic power engines; parts
8412 Other engines and motors.
841221 Linear acting (cylinders)
841229 Other
841290 Parts
444 Machinery for mining, quarrying & construction; parts
8704 Motor vehicles for the transport of goods.
870410 Dumpers designed for offhighway use
446 Machinery for textile, apparel & leather production; parts
8450 Household or laundrytype washing machines, including machines which both wash and dry.
845020 Machines, each of a dry linen capacity exceeding 10 kg
845090 Parts
448 Domestic appliances & parts
7321 Stoves, ranges, grates, cookers (including those with subsidiary boilers for central heating), barbecues, braziers, gasrings, plate warmers and similar nonelectric domestic appliances, and parts thereof, of iron or steel.
732111 For gas fuel or for both gas and other fuels
732190 Parts
8450 Household or laundrytype washing machines, including machines which both wash and dry.
845011 Fullyautomatic machines
845012 Other machines, with builtin centrifugal drier
8509 Electromechanical domestic appliances, with selfcontained electric motor, other than vacuum cleaners of heading 85.08.
850940 Food grinders and mixers; fruit or vegetable juice extractors
8516 Electric instantaneous or storage water heaters and immersion heaters; electric space heating apparatus and soil heating apparatus; electrothermic hairdressing apparatus (for example, hair dryers, hair curlers, curling tong heaters) and hand dryers; ele
851640 Electric smoothing irons
851650 Microwave ovens
851660 Other ovens; cookers, cooking plates, boiling rings, grillers and roasters
851679 Other
449 Other special-purpose machinery & parts
8508 Vacuum cleaners.
850860 Other vacuum cleaners
465 Electric filament or discharge lamps; lighting equipment; parts
8539 Electric filament or discharge lamps, including sealed beam lamp units and ultraviolet or infrared lamps; arclamps.
853922 Other, of a power not exceeding 200 W and for a voltage exceeding 100 V
853931 Fluorescent, hot cathode
853932 Mercury or sodium vapour lamps; metal halide lamps
9405 Lamps and lighting fittings including searchlights and spotlights and parts thereof, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated signs, illuminated nameplates and the like, having a permanently fixed light source, and parts thereof not elsewhere spe
940510 Chandeliers and other electric ceiling or wall lighting fittings, excluding those of a kind used for lighting public open spaces or thoroughfares
940520 Electric table, desk, bedside or floorstanding lamps
940530 Lighting sets of a kind used for Christmas trees
940540 Other electric lamps and lighting fittings
940599 Other
473 Broadcast recording apparatus; microphones, loudspeakers, etc.
8518 Microphones and stands therefor; loudspeakers, whether or not mounted in their enclosures; headphones and earphones, whether or not combined with a microphone, and sets consisting of a microphone and one or more loudspeakers; audio frequency electric amp
851822 Multiple loudspeakers, mounted in the same enclosure
851829 Other
851850 Electric sound amplifier sets
8521 Video recording or reproducing apparatus, whether or not incorporating a video tuner.
852190 Other
8527 Reception apparatus for radiobroadcasting, whether or not combined, in the same housing, with sound recording or reproducing apparatus or a clock.
852713 Other apparatus combined with sound recording or reproducing apparatus
852719 Other
852721 Combined with sound recording or reproducing apparatus
852729 Other
852791 Combined with sound recording or reproducing apparatus
852799 Other
8528 Monitors and projectors, not incorporating television reception apparatus; reception apparatus for television, whether or not incorporating radiobroadcast receivers or sound or video recording or reproducing apparatus.
852841 Of a kind solely or principally used in an automatic data processing system of heading 84.71
852851 Of a kind solely or principally used in an automatic data processing system of heading 84.71
852859 Other
852861 Of a kind solely or principally used in an automatic data processing system of heading 84.71
852869 Other
852871 Not designed to incorporate a video display or screen
852872 Other, colour
474 Parts for the goods of classes 4721 to 4733 & 4822
8529 Parts suitable for use solely or principally with the apparatus of headings 85.25 to 85.28.
852910 Aerials and aerial reflectors of all kinds; parts suitable for use therewith
852990 Other
475 Disks, tapes, storage devices & other media, not recorded
" class="default-popupover-item"> 8523 Discs, tapes, solidstate nonvolatile storage devices, "smart cards" and other media for the recording of sound or of other phenomena, whether or not recorded, including matrices and masters for the production of discs, but excluding products of Chapter
852341 Unrecorded
852351 Solidstate nonvolatile storage devices
852359 Other
476 Disks, tapes & other physical media, recorded
" class="default-popupover-item"> 8523 Discs, tapes, solidstate nonvolatile storage devices, "smart cards" and other media for the recording of sound or of other phenomena, whether or not recorded, including matrices and masters for the production of discs, but excluding products of Chapter
852329 Other
852349 Other
852380 Other
479 Cards with magnetic strips or chip
" class="default-popupover-item"> 8523 Discs, tapes, solidstate nonvolatile storage devices, "smart cards" and other media for the recording of sound or of other phenomena, whether or not recorded, including matrices and masters for the production of discs, but excluding products of Chapter
852352 ìSmart cardsî
481 Medical & surgical equipment & orthopaedic appliances
9019 Mechanotherapy appliances; massage apparatus; psychological aptitudetesting apparatus; ozone therapy, oxygen therapy, aerosol therapy, artificial respiration or other therapeutic respiration apparatus.
901910 Mechanotherapy appliances; massage apparatus; psychological aptitudetesting apparatus
901920 Ozone therapy, oxygen therapy, aerosol therapy, artificial respiration or other therapeutic respiration apparatus
482 Instruments & control equipment, except optical instruments
8526 Radar apparatus, radio navigational aid apparatus and radio remote control apparatus.
852691 Radio navigational aid apparatus
852692 Radio remote control apparatus
483 Optical instruments & photographic equipment; parts thereof
9004 Spectacles, goggles and the like, corrective, protective or other.
900410 Sunglasses
484 Watches & clocks; parts
9102 Wristwatches, pocketwatches and other watches, including stopwatches, other than those of heading 91.01.
910211 With mechanical display only
910221 With automatic winding
9105 Other clocks.
910511 Electrically operated
491 Motor vehicles, trailers & semi-trailers; parts
8702 Motor vehicles for the transport of ten or more persons, including the driver.
870210 With compressionignition internal combustion piston engine (diesel or semidiesel)
8703 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.
870321 Of a cylinder capacity not exceeding 1,000 cc
870322 Of a cylinder capacity exceeding 1,000 cc but not exceeding 1,500 cc
870323 Of a cylinder capacity exceeding 1,500 cc but not exceeding 3,000 cc
870324 Of a cylinder capacity exceeding 3,000 cc
870332 Of a cylinder capacity exceeding 1,500 cc but not exceeding 2,500 cc
870333 Of a cylinder capacity exceeding 2,500 cc
8704 Motor vehicles for the transport of goods.
870421 g.v.w. not exceeding 5 tonnes
870422 g.v.w. exceeding 5 tonnes but not exceeding 20 tonnes
870423 g.v.w. exceeding 20 tonnes
870431 g.v.w. not exceeding 5 tonnes
8705 Special purpose motor vehicles, other than those principally designed for the transport of persons or goods (for example, breakdown lorries, crane lorries, fire fighting vehicles, concrete mixer lorries, road sweeper lorries, spraying lorries, mobile wor
870540 Concretemixer lorries
870590 Other
8706 Chassis fitted with engines, for the motor vehicles of headings 87.01 to 87.05.
870600 Chassis fitted with engines, for the motor vehicles of headings 87.01 to 87.05.
493 Ships
8901 Cruise ships, excursion boats, ferryboats, cargo ships, barges and similar vessels for the transport of persons or goods.
890110 Cruise ships, excursion boats and similar vessels principally designed for the transport of persons; ferryboats of all kinds
890120 Tankers
8902 Fishing vessels; factory ships and other vessels for processing or preserving fishery products.
890200 Fishing vessels; factory ships and other vessels for processing or preserving fishery products.
496 Aircraft & spacecraft; parts
8802 Other aircraft (for example, helicopters, aeroplanes); spacecraft (including satellites) and suborbital and spacecraft launch vehicles.
880230 Aeroplanes and other aircraft, of an unladen weight exceeding 2,000 kg but not exceeding 15,000 kg
499 Other transport equipment & parts
8711 Motorcycles (including mopeds) and cycles fitted with an auxiliary motor, with or without sidecars; sidecars.
871120 With reciprocating internal combustion piston engine of a cylinder capacity exceeding 50 cc but not exceeding 250 cc
871150 With reciprocating internal combustion piston engine of a cylinder capacity exceeding 800 cc
8712 Bicycles and other cycles (including delivery tricycles), not motorised.
871200 Bicycles and other cycles (including delivery tricycles), not motorised.

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