AFFECTED FLOWOutflow (subsidised)
ANNOUNCED AS TEMPORARYNo
On 16 December 2012, the Saudi Fund for Development (SFD), signed a USD 100 million financing agreement with with Pakistan. The agreement is funded through SFD's Saudi Export Program (SEP) and will finance Saudi exports of urea fertilizer produced by Saudi Basic Industries Corporation. A similar financing agreement was signed between SFD and Pakistan in 2014 amounting to USD 125 million, see related measure.
The Saudi Export Program
The Saudi Export Program (SEP) is part of the Saudi Fund for Development and was established in 1999. The program promotes Saudi exports to contribute the country's GDP and minimize the economic dependence of crude oil. In promoting export of Saudi goods the SEP can support 100% of the value of the eligible export transaction depending on risk and nature of the export. In general the value of exported good/service must contain a Saudi domestic value of 25% or more as well as the transaction having a minimum value of SAR 100,000 (approx. USD 26,666). Additionally, parties benefiting from the SEP fall into one of the following: Saudi companies and establishments; foreign companies, entities or governments importing or purchasing of Saudi goods or services; or lastly local or foreign banks and financial institutions. The Saudi Export Program has from 2001 to the end of 2013 approved financing and guarantees amounting to around SR34 billion (approx. USD 906.5 million).
The Saudi Fund for Development
The Saudi Fund for Development (SFD) was established by Royal Decree No. M/48 of 1 September 1974. The Fund's main objectives are to: 'participate in financing of development projects in developing countries through granting of loans to said countries and to encourage national non-crude-oil exports by providing finance and insurance in support of such exports.
The GTA includes state guarantees and other financial incentives that are likely to affect the restructuring and performance of firms facing international competition, whether from imports, in export markets, and from foreign subsidiaries.
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