IMPLEMENTATION LEVEL

Supranational

AFFECTED FLOW

Outflow (subsidised)

ANNOUNCED AS TEMPORARY

No

NON-TRADE-RELATED RATIONALE

No

ELIGIBLE FIRMS

all

JUMBO

No

TARIFF PEAK

No
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Inception date: No inception date

Export subsidy

On 20 December 2013, the European Commission published regulation 1308/2013 on EU's single common market organisation for agricultural products. It replaces Council regulation 1234/2007 and inter alia formally restricts the provision of export refunds among members of the EU, as it promised in the Doha Round in 2005.
According to art. 159 of the preamble, "Refunds on exports to third countries, based on the difference between prices within the Union and on the world market, and falling within the limits set by the commitments made within the WTO, should be retained as a measure which may cover certain products to which this Regulation applies where the conditions in the internal market are such as those described for exceptional measures. Subsidised exports should be subject to limits in terms of value and quantity, and, without prejudice to the application of exceptional measures, the refund available should be zero."
The definitions of such "exceptional measures" are set out in further detail in art. 219 ff. of the regulations.
The list of affected tariff lines is based on the product list in art. 196 of the regulation.
The regulation came into force on 1 January 2014. The measure colour is amber, as it sets a new formal framework for export refunds in the EU. The actual wind-down of export refunds was introduced on 19 July 2013 (cf. Related Measures).

AFFECTED COUNTRIES

MAP
TABLE
EXPORT

AFFECTED SECTORS AND PRODUCTS

011 Cereals
1001 Wheat and meslin.
100119 Other
100199 Other
1002 Rye.
100290 Other
1003 Barley.
100390 Other
1004 Oats.
100490 Other
1005 Maize (corn).
100590 Other
1006 Rice.
100610 Rice in the husk (paddy or rough)
1007 Grain sorghum.
100790 Other
1008 Buckwheat, millet and canary seeds; other cereals.
100810 Buckwheat
100829 Other
100830 Canary seeds
100840 Fonio (Digitaria spp.)
100850 Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa)
100860 Triticale
100890 Other cereals
012 Vegetables
0709 Other vegetables, fresh or chilled.
070920 Asparagus
070930 Aubergines (eggplants)
070940 Celery other than celeriac
070951 Mushrooms of the genus Agaricus
070959 Other
070960 Fruits of the genus Capsicum or of the genus Pimenta
070970 Spinach, New Zealand spinach and orache spinach (garden spinach)
070991 Globe artichokes
070993 Pumpkins, squash and gourds (Cucurbita spp.)
070999 Other
013 Fruits & nuts
1212 Locust beans, seaweeds and other algae, sugar beet and sugar cane, fresh, chilled, frozen or dried, whether or not ground; fruit stones and kernels and other vegetable products (including unroasted chicory roots of the variety Cichorium intybus sativum) o
121292 Locust beans (carob)
014 Oilseeds & oleaginous fruits
0709 Other vegetables, fresh or chilled.
070992 Olives
015 Edible roots & tubers with high starch or inulin content
0714 Manioc, arrowroot, salep, Jerusalem artichokes, sweet potatoes and similar roots and tubers with high starch or inulin content, fresh, chilled, frozen or dried, whether or not sliced or in the form of pellets; sago pith.
071410 Manioc (cassava)
071420 Sweet potatoes
071490 Other
016 Stimulant, spice & aromatic crops
1212 Locust beans, seaweeds and other algae, sugar beet and sugar cane, fresh, chilled, frozen or dried, whether or not ground; fruit stones and kernels and other vegetable products (including unroasted chicory roots of the variety Cichorium intybus sativum) o
121299 Other
018 Sugar crops
1212 Locust beans, seaweeds and other algae, sugar beet and sugar cane, fresh, chilled, frozen or dried, whether or not ground; fruit stones and kernels and other vegetable products (including unroasted chicory roots of the variety Cichorium intybus sativum) o
121291 Sugar beet
021 Live animals
0102 Live bovine animals.
010221 Purebred breeding animals
010229 Other
010239 Other
010290 Other
0103 Live swine.
010310 Purebred breeding animals
010391 Weighing less than 50 kg
010392 Weighing 50 kg or more
0105 Live poultry, that is to say, fowls of the species Gallus domesticus, ducks, geese, turkeys and guinea fowls.
010511 Fowls of the species Gallus domesticus
010512 Turkeys
010513 Ducks
010594 Fowls of the species Gallus domesticus
010599 Other
023 Eggs of hens or other birds in shell, fresh
0407 Birds' eggs, in shell, fresh, preserved or cooked.
040711 Of fowls of the species Gallus domesticus
040719 Other
040721 Of fowls of the species Gallus domesticus
040729 Other
049 Other aquatic plants & animals
1212 Locust beans, seaweeds and other algae, sugar beet and sugar cane, fresh, chilled, frozen or dried, whether or not ground; fruit stones and kernels and other vegetable products (including unroasted chicory roots of the variety Cichorium intybus sativum) o
121221 Fit for human consumption
121229 Other
211 Meat & meat products
0201 Meat of bovine animals, fresh or chilled.
020110 Carcasses and halfcarcasses
020120 Other cuts with bone in
020130 Boneless
0202 Meat of bovine animals, frozen.
020210 Carcasses and halfcarcasses
020220 Other cuts with bone in
020230 Boneless
0203 Meat of swine, fresh, chilled or frozen.
020311 Carcasses and halfcarcasses
020312 Hams, shoulders and cuts thereof, with bone in
020319 Other
020321 Carcasses and halfcarcasses
020322 Hams, shoulders and cuts thereof, with bone in
020329 Other
0206 Edible offal of bovine animals, swine, sheep, goats, horses, asses, mules or hinnies, fresh, chilled or frozen.
020610 Of bovine animals, fresh or chilled
020621 Tongues
020622 Livers
020629 Other
020630 Of swine, fresh or chilled
020641 Livers
020649 Other
020680 Other, fresh or chilled
020690 Other, frozen
0207 Meat and edible offal, of the poultry of heading 01.05, fresh, chilled or frozen.
020711 Not cut in pieces, fresh or chilled
020712 Not cut in pieces, frozen
020713 Cuts and offal, fresh or chilled
020714 Cuts and offal, frozen
020724 Not cut in pieces, fresh or chilled
020725 Not cut in pieces, frozen
020726 Cuts and offal, fresh or chilled
020727 Cuts and offal, frozen
020741 Not cut in pieces, fresh or chilled
020742 Not cut in pieces, frozen
020743 Fatty livers, fresh or chilled
020744 Other, fresh or chilled
020745 Other, frozen
020751 Not cut in pieces, fresh or chilled
020752 Not cut in pieces, frozen
020753 Fatty livers, fresh or chilled
020754 Other, fresh or chilled
020755 Other, frozen
020760 Of guinea fowls
0210 Meat and edible meat offal, salted, in brine, dried or smoked; edible flours and meals of meat or meat offal.
021011 Hams, shoulders and cuts thereof, with bone in
021012 Bellies (streaky) and cuts thereof
021019 Other
021020 Meat of bovine animals
021092 Of whales, dolphins and porpoises (mammals of the order Cetacea); of manatees and dugongs (mammals of the order Sirenia); of seals, sea lions and walruses (mammals of the suborder Pinnipedia)
021099 Other
1601 Sausages and similar products, of meat, meat offal or blood; food preparations based on these products.
160100 Sausages and similar products, of meat, meat offal or blood; food preparations based on these products.
1602 Other prepared or preserved meat, meat offal or blood.
160220 Of liver of any animal
160231 Of turkeys
160232 Of fowls of the species Gallus domesticus
160239 Other
160241 Hams and cuts thereof
160242 Shoulders and cuts thereof
160249 Other, including mixtures
160250 Of bovine animals
160290 Other, including preparations of blood of any animal
213 Prepared & preserved vegetables, pulses & potatoes
0712 Dried vegetables, whole, cut, sliced, broken or in powder, but not further prepared.
071220 Onions
071231 Mushrooms of the genus Agaricus
071239 Other
071290 Other vegetables; mixtures of vegetables
215 Animal fats
0209 Pig fat, free of lean meat, and poultry fat, not rendered or otherwise extracted, fresh, chilled, frozen, salted, in brine, dried or smoked.
020910 Of pigs
020990 Other
1501 Pig fat (including lard) and poultry fat, other than that of heading 02.09 or 15.03.
150120 Other pig fat
150190 Other
1502 Fats of bovine animals, sheep or goats, other than those of heading 15.03.
150210 Tallow
150290 Other
219 Oil-cake; flours & meals of oil seeds; vegetable waxes; etc.
2306 Oilcake and other solid residues, whether or not ground or in the form of pellets, resulting from the extraction of vegetable fats or oils, other than those of heading 23.04 or 23.05.
230610 Of cotton seeds
230620 Of linseed
230630 Of sunflower seeds
230641 Of low erucic acid rape or colza seeds
230649 Other
230650 Of coconut or copra
230660 Of palm nuts or kernels
230690 Other
221 Processed liquid milk, cream & whey
0401 Milk and cream, not concentrated nor containing added sugar or other sweetening matter.
040110 Of a fat content, by weight, not exceeding 1 %
040120 Of a fat content, by weight, exceeding 1 % but not exceeding 6 %
040140 Of a fat content, by weight, exceeding 6 % but not exceeding 10 %
040150 Of a fat content, by weight, exceeding 10 %
0404 Whey, whether or not concentrated or containing added sugar or other sweetening matter; products consisting of natural milk constituents, whether or not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter, not elsewhere specified or included.
040410 Whey and modified whey, whether or not concentrated or containing added sugar or other sweetening matter
222 Other dairy products
0402 Milk and cream, concentrated or containing added sugar or other sweetening matter.
040210 In powder, granules or other solid forms, of a fat content, by weight, not exceeding 1.5 %
040221 Not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter
040229 Other
040291 Not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter
040299 Other
0403 Buttermilk, curdled milk and cream, yogurt, kephir and other fermented or acidified milk and cream, whether or not concentrated or containing added sugar or other sweetening matter or flavoured or containing added fruit, nuts or cocoa.
040310 Yogurt
040390 Other
0404 Whey, whether or not concentrated or containing added sugar or other sweetening matter; products consisting of natural milk constituents, whether or not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter, not elsewhere specified or included.
040490 Other
0405 Butter and other fats and oils derived from milk; dairy spreads.
040510 Butter
040520 Dairy spreads
040590 Other
0406 Cheese and curd.
040610 Fresh (unripened or uncured) cheese, including whey cheese, and curd
040620 Grated or powdered cheese, of all kinds
040630 Processed cheese, not grated or powdered
040640 Blueveined cheese and other cheese containing veins produced by Penicillium roqueforti
040690 Other cheese
223 Eggs, in shell, preserved or cooked
0407 Birds' eggs, in shell, fresh, preserved or cooked.
040790 Others
231 Grain mill products
1006 Rice.
100620 Husked (brown) rice
100630 Semimilled or wholly milled rice, whether or not polished or glazed
100640 Broken rice
1101 Wheat or meslin flour.
110100 Wheat or meslin flour.
1102 Cereal flours other than of wheat or meslin.
110220 Maize (corn) flour
110290 Other
1103 Cereal groats, meal and pellets.
110311 Of wheat
110313 Of maize (corn)
110319 Of other cereals
110320 Pellets
1104 Cereal grains otherwise worked (for example, hulled, rolled, flaked, pearled, sliced or kibbled), except rice of heading 10.06; germ of cereals, whole, rolled, flaked or ground.
110412 Of oats
110419 Of other cereals
110422 Of oats
110423 Of maize (corn)
110429 Of other cereals
110430 Germ of cereals, whole, rolled, flaked or ground
1106 Flour, meal and powder of the dried leguminous vegetables of heading 07.13, of sago or of roots or tubers of heading 07.14 or of the products of Chapter 8.
110610 Of the dried leguminous vegetables of heading 07.13
110630 Of the products of Chapter 8
232 Starches & starch products; sugars & sugar syrups n.e.c.
1108 Starches; inulin.
110811 Wheat starch
110812 Maize (corn) starch
110813 Potato starch
110814 Manioc (cassava) starch
110819 Other starches
110820 Inulin
1109 Wheat gluten, whether or not dried.
110900 Wheat gluten, whether or not dried.
1702 Other sugars, including chemically pure lactose, maltose, glucose and fructose, in solid form; sugar syrups not containing added flavouring or colouring matter; artificial honey, whether or not mixed with natural honey; caramel.
170211 Containing by weight 99 % or more lactose, expressed as anhydrous lactose, calculated on the dry matter
170219 Other
170230 Glucose and glucose syrup, not containing fructose or containing in the dry state less than 20 % by weight of fructose
170240 Glucose and glucose syrup, containing in the dry state at least 20 % but less than 50 % by weight of fructose, excluding invert sugar
170250 Chemically pure fructose
170260 Other fructose and fructose syrup, containing in the dry state more than 50 % by weight of fructose, excluding invert sugar
170290 Other, including invert sugar and other sugar and sugar syrup blends containing in the dry state 50 % by weight of fructose
233 Preparations used in animal feeding; lucerne meal & pellets
2309 Preparations of a kind used in animal feeding.
230910 Dog or cat food, put up for retail sale
230990 Other
235 Sugar & molasses
1701 Cane or beet sugar and chemically pure sucrose, in solid form.
170112 Beet sugar
170113 Cane sugar specified in Subheading Note 2 to this Chapter
170114 Other cane sugar
170191 Containing added flavouring or colouring matter
170199 Other
1702 Other sugars, including chemically pure lactose, maltose, glucose and fructose, in solid form; sugar syrups not containing added flavouring or colouring matter; artificial honey, whether or not mixed with natural honey; caramel.
170220 Maple sugar and maple syrup
1703 Molasses resulting from the extraction or refining of sugar.
170310 Cane molasses
170390 Other
237 Macaroni, noodles, couscous & similar farinaceous products
1902 Pasta, whether or not cooked or stuffed (with meat or other substances) or otherwise prepared, such as spaghetti, macaroni, noodles, lasagne, gnocchi, ravioli, cannelloni; couscous, whether or not prepared.
190211 Containing eggs
190219 Other
190220 Stuffed pasta, whether or not cooked or otherwise prepared
190230 Other pasta
190240 Couscous
239 Food products n.e.c.
0408 Birds' eggs, not in shell, and egg yolks, fresh, dried, cooked by steaming or by boiling in water, moulded, frozen or otherwise preserved, whether or not containing added sugar or other sweetening matter.
040811 Dried
040819 Other
040891 Dried
040899 Other
1602 Other prepared or preserved meat, meat offal or blood.
160210 Homogenised preparations
2106 Food preparations not elsewhere specified or included.
210610 Protein concentrates and textured protein substances
210690 Other
243 Malt liquors & malt
1107 Malt, whether or not roasted.
110710 Not roasted
110720 Roasted
391 Wastes from food & tobacco industry
2302 Bran, sharps and other residues, whether or not in the form of pellets, derived from the sifting, milling or other working of cereals or of leguminous plants.
230210 Of maize (corn)
230230 Of wheat
230240 Of other cereals
230250 Of leguminous plants
2303 Residues of starch manufacture and similar residues, beetpulp, bagasse and other waste of sugar manufacture, brewing or distilling dregs and waste, whether or not in the form of pellets.
230310 Residues of starch manufacture and similar residues
230320 Beetpulp, bagasse and other waste of sugar manufacture
230330 Brewing or distilling dregs and waste
2308 Vegetable materials and vegetable waste, vegetable residues and byproducts, whether or not in the form of pellets, of a kind used in animal feeding, not elsewhere specified or included.
230800 Vegetable materials and vegetable waste, vegetable residues and byproducts, whether or not in the form of pellets, of a kind used in animal feeding, not elsewhere specified or included.

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