ANNOUNCED AS TEMPORARYNo
Import licensing requirement
On 1 February 2012, Argentina's Federal Administration of Public Revenues enacted Resolution 3252/2012. This Resolution requires importers to submit a Declaración Jurada Anticipada de Importación (DJAI), an affidavit, before placing a purchasing order for all Argentinian imports. The affidavit is submitted through the "Sistema Informático María" or "Single Electronic Window". Hereinafter the competent body, depending on the subject good, processes the submission. These bodies must make a final ruling within a specific timeframe. The Administración Federal de Ingresos Publicos informs importers of the development, ruling and other comments when applicable. The requirements imposed on importers restrict the movement of trade in goods and de facto a non-automatic licensing scheme on Argentinian imports. The identified affected trading partners, tariff lines and sectors may deviate in relation to specific legal exceptions, bilateral agreements and other variables.
On 7 December 2012, the European Union requested the World Trade Organization's Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) to establish a Panel following prior consultations with Argentina. The EU here stipulated that the above competent bodies above 'may suspend approval of an importer's submission by placing an "observation" (observaciones) that serves as a hold on the submission in the DJAI electronic system. Until that hold is lifted, the DJAI will not be "validated" (estado salida) and the products cannot be imported.' Hereto the EU claimed that the conditions for approval are not specified in any legal instrument or available for importers and thus concluded that the measure is not following certain WTO provisions. A DSB Panel was established on 28 January 2013 in this dispute regarding "Argentina - Measures Affecting the Importation of Goods" and submitted its recommendations and final ruling on 22 August 2014.
On 7 January 2016, the Argentinian authorities repealed Resolution 3252/2012following the above recommendations and ruling. On 15 January 2016, Argentina informed the WTO of the repeal. Additionally, Argentina informed the WTO of the establishment of the Comprehensive Import Monitoring System (Sistema Integral de Monitoreo de Importaciones) by way of Resolución General 3823 and of an Automatic and Non-Automatic Import Licensing Regime by way of Resolución 5/2015 from the Ministerio de Producción.
On 18 January 2016, in regards to the dispute case "Measures Affecting the Importation of Goods", the European Union (complainant) and Argentina (respondent) informed the WTO of the future procedures under articles 21 and 22 of the Dispute Settlement Understanding. Hereto the EU may request Argentina to enter into consultations for reasons including if the Union is not satisfied that the DSB's recommendations and ruling have not been upheld.