IMPLEMENTATION LEVEL

National

AFFECTED FLOW

Inflow

ANNOUNCED AS TEMPORARY

No

NON-TRADE-RELATED RATIONALE

No

ELIGIBLE FIRMS

all

JUMBO

No

TARIFF PEAK

No
← back to the state act
Inception date: 26 May 2011 | Removal date: open ended
Still in force

Import-related non-tariff measure, nes

 On 17 May 2011, the French government passed an amendment to its Language Law. The amendment sets a price floor for the sale of books. The floor is equal to 95% of the price stated by the French publishers. This amendment also extends to e-books. Thus, online book retailers have to sell ebooks at similar prices to the hard copy versions.
According to the Spring 2014 Global eBook report by Ruediger Wischenbart (p. 36), France's online book selling market is dominated by the American companies Amazon, Apple and Google Books - with the exception of Fnac, France's largest book chain. Therefore, while this amendment does not appear to involve any de jure discrimination against foreign commercial interests, its implementation de facto discriminates against foreign firms that happen to be large players in the e-book market. Hence, the amber classification of this measure.
The amendment came into force on 26 May 2011.

AFFECTED COUNTRIES

MAP
TABLE
EXPORT

Please report this page in case you detect an inaccuracy in its content.