ANNOUNCED AS TEMPORARYNo
Import-related non-tariff measure, nes
President Obama signed on February 19, 2014 Executive Order 13659, entitled 'Streamlining the Export/Import Process for America's Businesses.' Published in the Federal Register on February 25, the order states that,
'It is the policy of the United States to promote commerce through the effective implementation of an ambitious 21st century trade agenda and vigorous enforcement of our Nation's laws relating to trade, security, public health and safety, the environment, and natural resources. In support of these goals, and to ensure that our Nation is well-positioned to compete in an open, fair, and growing world economy, the Federal Government must increase efforts to improve the technologies, policies, and other controls governing the movement of goods across our national borders.'
To that end, the order provides for several reforms and other actions.
One concerns the International Trade Data System (ITDS). The order requires that by December 31, 2016, participating agencies utilize the ITDS and supporting systems (e.g., as the Automated Commercial Environment) 'as the primary means of receiving from users the standard set of data and other relevant documentation (exclusive of applications for permits, licenses, or certifications) required for the release of imported cargo and clearance of cargo for export.' It also mandates enhancements in the capabilities of the ITDS with respect to (among other things) the transmission of a harmonized set of import and export data elements needed to release and clear goods.
The order creates a Border Interagency Executive Council as an interagency working group chaired by the Secretary of Homeland Security. This body will 'develop policies and processes to enhance coordination across customs, transport security, health and safety, sanitary, conservation, trade, and phytosanitary agencies with border management authorities and responsibilities to measurably improve supply chain processes and improve identification of illicit shipments.'
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