Russian Federation: Energy Strategy up to 2030
The Energy Strategy of the Russian Federation up to 2030 is based on the previously adopted Energy Strategy up to 2020 which was approved by the Russian Government by the government decree #1234-p of 28 August 2003. The new version of the strategy is updated taking into account the new realities and priorities in the energy sector corrected by the global recession. This new updated version was approved by the Government of Russia by the decree #1715-p of 13 November 2009.
The 120 page document contains the following information:
- the results of the previous strategy
- new tendencies in Russian economy and energy sector
- perspectives for the demand for the Russian energy resources
- main points of the Russian energy policy
- development plan for the Russian energy sector
- expectations for the current strategy.
Currently the Russian Federation is a world's leader in the oil industry. It has a 12 percent share in the world market of oil trade. The European market remains the main export destination of the Russian oil exports. Russia has the largest natural gas pool in the world (23 percent of the world pool). Russia keeps second place in the world in the volume of coal fields (19 percent). Russian nuclear energy is 5 percent of the world's market of nuclear electricity, 15 percent of the world's market of reactor building as well as 45 percent of the world's market of uranium. Therefore, Russia will remain the leading player at the world's energy markets.
However, this role should be modified. Thus, the export of the energy products will be moving towards more profound value added structure. Another direction of the energy development will be focused on the creation of Russian companies and branches abroad which will exercise the value added function for the Russian exported energy materials. Another important direction for the development of the Russian energy policy will be the diversification of export destinations from Europe towards Asian markets (China, Japan, Republic of Korea and others) from current 6 to 25 percent for the Asian markets for oil exports and from current 0 to 20 percent for the gas exports by 2030. Therefore, Russia will not only keep its positions at the world energy markets but also diversify the structure and the destinations of it energy exports.
The strategy comprises three main stages:
Stage 1 (2008-2015) - Resource and investment development. This stage coincides with the global recession and its consequences. Therefore, the main idea of this stage is the anti-crisis management. Here the role of the state is very strong and it provides the conditions for the business to modernize the infrastructure (such as state guaranties).
Stage 2 (2015-2020) - Investment and Innovation renovation. Here the direct role of the state will decrease and will be substituted by other mechanisms such public-private partnership.
Stage 3 (2020-2030) - Innovative Development. At this stage the state role will be concentrated on innovative energy sectors.
With respect to the trade policy of the energy strategy of the Russian Federation, the accents will be on:
- state support of the oil production industries (oil chemical industries) with further diversification of exports
- economic and political support of Russian companies (oil/chemical industry) abroad
- export tariff policies
- state guaranties
- state support for the import of high technologies in the fuel-energy complex
- research and development
The expected innovative solutions are described for the following industries:
1. oil and gas industries
2. coal industry
3. power industry
4. non-hydrocarbon industry
Attachment 5 of the energy strategy contains the roadmap for the activities of the Russian state energy policy until 2030.
Any Evidence-Based Deliberation:
|Is there anything in the public record to suggest that evidence of the effectiveness of the proposed measure was considered during official deliberations?|
|Is there any evidence that alternatives to the proposed measure were considered?|
|Is there anything in the public record that suggests that empirical evidence informed the comparison across the alternatives available to government?|
|Was such evidence identified?|
|Is such evidence publicly available?|
|Did the official decision-maker in question provide an explanation as to why a chosen measure was favoured over alternatives?|
|Is there any evidence to suggest that potentially affected trading partners were consulted before the measures were taken?|
|Is there any evidence that safeguards have been put in place to ensure that implementation of the initiative is transparent and non-discriminatory?|
|Did the government state its intention to review the measure within one year of implementation?|
Date of inception: 13 Nov 2009
GTA Evaluation: Amber
Energy Strategy up to 2030 -