Throwing Sand In the Wheels: How Foreign Trade Distortions Slowed LDC Export-Led Growth

This new eBook argues that least developed countries were hard hit by these barriers. Drawing on Global Trade Alert data, it argues that these barriers reduced these nations’ exports by 30% during the period 2009 to 2013 – over a quarter of a trillion US dollars in total.

Find an elaborated summary for voxEU at

Simon J. Evenett & Johannes Fritz

Date Published: 17 Jun 2015

Publisher: Centre for Economic Policy Research

Format: PDF

Download E-Book:    Sand in the Wheels.pdf (3,313 KB)